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New threats to the Rule of Law in Council of Europe member States

Motion for a resolution | Doc. 14172 | 12 October 2016

Mr Bernd FABRITIUS, Germany, EPP/CD ; Ms Luise AMTSBERG, Germany, SOC ; Ms Theodora BAKOYANNIS, Greece, EPP/CD ; Ms Marieluise BECK, Germany, ALDE ; Ms Eka BESELIA, Georgia, SOC ; Mr Boriss CILEVIČS, Latvia, SOC ; Mr Constantinos EFSTATHIOU, Cyprus, SOC ; Mr Thomas FEIST, Germany, EPP/CD ; Mr Axel E. FISCHER, Germany, EPP/CD ; Mr Bernard FOURNIER, France, EPP/CD ; Ms Sylvie GOY-CHAVENT, France, EPP/CD ; Ms Gabriela HEINRICH, Germany, SOC ; Ms Françoise HETTO-GAASCH, Luxembourg, EPP/CD ; Ms Anette HÜBINGER, Germany, EPP/CD ; Mr Andrej HUNKO, Germany, UEL ; Ms Mariia IONOVA, Ukraine, EPP/CD ; Ms Naira KARAPETYAN, Armenia, EPP/CD ; Mr Eduard KÖCK, Austria, EPP/CD ; Mr Teófilo de LUIS, Spain, EPP/CD ; Ms Martine MERGEN, Luxembourg, EPP/CD ; Mr Jean-Claude MIGNON, France, EPP/CD ; Mr Pieter OMTZIGT, Netherlands, EPP/CD ; Ms Carmen QUINTANILLA, Spain, EPP/CD ; Ms Kerstin RADOMSKI, Germany, EPP/CD ; Ms Nadiia SAVCHENKO, Ukraine, EPP/CD ; Ms Elisabeth SCHNEIDER-SCHNEITER, Switzerland, EPP/CD ; Ms Ingjerd SCHOU, Norway, EPP/CD ; Mr Frank SCHWABE, Germany, SOC ; Mr Mher SHAHGELDYAN, Armenia, EPP/CD ; Ms Karin STRENZ, Germany, EPP/CD ; Mr Konstantinos TZAVARAS, Greece, EPP/CD ; Mr Tobias ZECH, Germany, EPP/CD

The Parliamentary Assembly has repeatedly spoken out against infringements of the rule of law.

In relevant Resolutions and Recommendations, in particular in Resolution 2040 (2015),Resolutions 1738 (2010), 1685 (2009), and Recommendations 1955 (2010), 1856 (2009), the Assembly stressed the importance of the parliamentary dimension as regards measures needed to ensure compliance with the standards of the Council of Europe, especially as regards functioning of the judiciary.

New threats to the rule of law raise serious questions in several member States of the Council of Europe, in particular:

  • in certain countries, reforms with regards to the functioning of constitutional courts created the risk of paralysing their work;
  • in Turkey, the dismissal of a large number of judges and prosecutors at the aftermath of the coup d’Etat attempt risks jeopardising democratic checks and balances.

The rule of law is the most at risk when the independence of the courts is not guaranteed. The Assembly should look into these new threats to the rule of law.