The Assembly's monitoring helps Council of Europe member States to fulfil their promises to uphold the highest democratic and human rights standards. The procedure works in four ways.
Full monitoring procedure: this involves regular visits by a pair of rapporteurs, who conduct an ongoing dialogue with authorities, and occasional plenary debates to ensure that a state's progress and problems are honestly assessed. This currently applies to eleven states (Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Republic of Moldova, Poland, Russian Federation, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine).
Post-monitoring dialogue: states that have made progress may pass on to this stage, a less intensive procedure involving a limited number of remaining issues. This currently applies to three states (Bulgaria, Montenegro and North Macedonia).
Periodic reviews: the committee is charged with preparing regular periodic reviews on all Council of Europe member States not under a full monitoring procedure or engaged in a post-monitoring dialogue. The order and frequency of these reports are decided upon by the committee in accordance with its internal working methods, based on substantive grounds, with the objective of producing, over time, periodic review reports on all member States. The Committee has published 16 periodic review reports since 2015 and is currently preparing periodic review reports on three States (Hungary, Malta and Romania).
Specific report on the Functioning of Democratic Institutions: finally, the committee can prepare a report on the functioning of democratic institutions in any member state when particular developments warrant.
In January 2020, Michael Aastrup Jensen (Denmark, ALDE) was elected as Chairperson of the Committee.
Terms of reference of the committee
The Monitoring Committee is responsible for verifying the fulfilment of obligations assumed by member States under the terms of the Statute of the Council of Europe, the European Convention on Human Rights and all other Council of Europe Conventions to which they are parties, as well as the honouring of commitments entered into by the authorities of member States upon accession to the Council of Europe.
Members of the committee
The Committee has 93 seats, including, as ex officio members:
the Chairperson of the Committee on Political Affairs and Democracy
the Chairperson of the Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights
the Chairpersons of the five political groups in the Assembly
the outgoing President of the Assembly
Members of the sub-committees
Ms Agnieszka NACHILO
Head of the Secretariat 6.225+33/3 88.41.2905 Mr Bas KLEIN
Deputy to the Head of the Secretariat 6.194+33/3 90.21.4992 Mme Sylvie AFFHOLDER
Secretary 6.196+33/3 88.41.3551 M. Alexis SALANSON
Co-Secretary 6.192+33/3 90.21.6374 Mme Frédérique MOCHEL
Administrative assistant 6.205+33/3 90.21.5228 Mme Marie-Laure LAMBOUR
Assistant 6.186+33/3 88.41.2687