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Gender equality in the functioning of the Assembly

Progress report | Doc. 15439 Add. 1 | 20 January 2022

Committee
Bureau of the Assembly
Rapporteur :
Mr Rik DAEMS, Belgium, ALDE
Origin
The figures provided represent the situation at 10am on 14 December 2021. 2022 - First part-session
1. Since 2012, following a Bureau decision, statistics on the gender breakdown of Assembly positions are prepared every year and included in the Progress report on the activities of the Assembly’s Bureau and Standing Committee presented during the January part-session. They provide a picture of the situation as of December of any given year. The publication of this information aims at enhancing transparency and raising awareness.
2. In September 2021, the Assembly adopted Resolution 2394 (2021) on gender representation in the Parliamentary Assembly, aimed to introduce more balanced representation of women and men in all its structures. Its provisions will be formally implemented from January 2023, but as the terms of office of many of the appointments made in January 2022 will be renewed for 2023, it is expected that figures for 2022 will already reflect the minimum “one in three” principle for gender balance set out in this text.
3. In 2021, the total number of women members of the Assembly represented 37%, the same proportion as in 2020. According to data collected by the Inter-Parliamentary Union,Note the total share of women members of parliament in the national parliaments of Council of Europe member States increased slightly over the last year, from 30.5% in January to 31.2% in November 2021. The provisions laid down in Rule 6.2 a. of the Assembly’s Rules of procedure, namely that “national delegations should include members of the under-represented sex at least in the same percentage as in their national parliaments” seem therefore to have a positive effect on nominations to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, since in many cases the national delegations to the Assembly have a higher representation rate of women than national parliaments.
4. In 2021, the Assembly’s presidency continued to be held by Mr Rik Daems. Three of the last ten Assembly presidents have been women (Anne Brasseur, Stella Kyriakides and Liliane Maury Pasquier). The percentage of women as Vice-Presidents of the Assembly rose from 25% to 32%, without, however, reaching the previous level for 2019 of 41%. The low number of women Bureau members rose slightly from 23% to 26% (again, compared to 42% in 2019). The number of women chairpersons of committees dropped still further, from 3 out of 9 in 2020 to 2 out of 9 in 2021. As in 2020, there were no women members of the Presidential Committee in 2021. One of the objectives of Resolution 2394 (2021) is to encourage the appointment of women in the more prominent echelons of the Assembly, where levels have decreased in recent years.
5. As regards the composition of committees, an overall of 37% of full members in 2021 were women, up one percentage point from 36% in 2020, likewise women alternates counted for 38%, up from 37% in 2020. Whereas in 2020 women had represented over a third of full members in only two committees (Committee on Social Affairs, Health and Sustainable Development and Committee on Equality and Non-discrimination), figures improved for the Committee on Political Affairs and Democracy which counted 35% of women as full members in 2021 compared to 30% in 2020, for the Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights (from 33% to 35%), and the Committee on Rules of Procedure, Immunities and Institutional Affairs (from 32% to 36%). The proportion of women full members in the Committee on Migration, Refugees and Displaced Persons increased by one percentage point to 30% and for the Monitoring Committee rose from 19% to 25%. Women full members of the Committee on the Election of Judges to the European Court of Human Rights fell from 30% to just 19%.
6. The representation of women as rapporteurs for the reports debated in plenary in 2021 remained proportionately low, dropping for the third year running to 29%, compared to 30% in 2020 and 36% in 2019. It was particularly low in some committees; there were no women rapporteurs at all in the Committee on Political Affairs and Democracy or in the Monitoring Committee in 2021. The representation of women as rapporteurs for the opinions debated in plenary increased sharply from 30% in 2020 to 82% in 2021 (the representation of rapporteurs for opinion is very unbalanced, moving from 100% women to 0% from one year to the other and the other way around – statistics lose significance because of the small and variable number of opinions prepared each year).

OVERVIEW ASSEMBLY

Position

Men

Women

Total

Percentage of men

Percentage of women

       

2020

2021

2020

2021

President

1

0

1

100%

100%

0%

0%

Vice-Presidents

13

6

19

75%

68%

25%

32%

Presidential Committee

6

0

6

100%

100%

0%

0%

Assembly Bureau

28

10

38

77%

74%

23%

26%

COMMITTEES

Men

Women

Total

Percentage of men

Percentage of women

       

2020

2021

2020

2021

Committee on Political Affairs and Democracy

Full Members

54

29

83

70%

65%

30%

35%

Alternates

66

17

83

83%

80%

17%

20%

Chairperson

1

0

1

0%

100%

100%

0%

Vice-Chairpersons

3

0

3

100%

100%

0%

0%

Rapporteurs for report

6

0

6

80%

100%

20%

0%

Rapporteurs for opinion

0

1

1

-

0%

-

100%

Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights

Full Members

55

29

84

67%

65%

33%

35%

Alternates

55

27

82

70%

67%

30%

33%

Chairperson

1

0

1

100%

100%

0%

0%

Vice-Chairpersons

3

0

3

100%

100%

0%

0%

Rapporteurs for report

9

3

12

75%

75%

25%

25%

Rapporteurs for opinion

1

0

1

67%

100%

33%

0%

Committee on the Election of Judges to the European Court of Human Rights

Full Members

13

3

16

70%

81%

30%

19%

Alternates

11

4

15

92%

73%

8%

27%

Chairperson

1

0

1

100%

100%

0%

0%

Vice-Chairpersons

1

1

2

33%

50%

67%

50%

Committee on Social Affairs, Health and Sustainable Development

Full Members

46

35

81

55%

57%

45%

43%

Alternates

46

33

79

56%

58%

44%

42%

Chairperson

1

0

1

100%

100%

0%

0%

Vice-Chairpersons

2

1

3

33%

67%

67%

33%

Rapporteurs for report

3

6

9

56%

33%

44%

67%

Rapporteurs for opinion

0

4

4

67%

0%

33%

100%

COMMITTEES

Men

Women

Total

Percentage of men

Percentage of women

       

2020

2021

2020

2021

Committee on Migration, Refugees and Displaced Persons

Full Members

58

25

83

71%

70%

29%

30%

Alternates

47

31

78

63%

60%

37%

40%

Chairperson

1

0

1

100%

100%

0%

0%

Vice-Chairpersons

2

1

3

50%

67%

50%

33%

Rapporteurs for report

8

1

9

71%

89%

29%

11%

Rapporteurs for opinion

0

0

0

100%

-

0%

-

Committee on Culture, Science, Education and Media

Full Members

58

25

83

70%

70%

30%

30%

Alternates

42

37

79

55%

53%

45%

47%

Chairperson

1

0

1

100%

100%

0%

0%

Vice-Chairpersons

1

2

3

67%

33%

33%

67%

Rapporteurs for report

4

1

5

100%

80%

0%

20%

Rapporteurs for opinion

58

25

83

70%

70%

30%

30%

Committee on Equality and Non-Discrimination

Full Members

33

51

83

35%

39%

65%

61%

Alternates

37

40

77

48%

48%

52%

52%

Chairperson

0

1

1

0%

0%

100%

100%

Vice-Chairpersons

0

3

3

0%

0%

100%

100%

Rapporteurs for report

4

5

9

25%

44%

75%

56%

Rapporteurs for opinion

1

3

4

0%

25%

100%

75%

Committee on Honouring of Obligations and Commitments by Member States (Monitoring Committee)

Members

54

18

72

81%

75%

19%

25%

Chairperson

1

0

1

100%

100%

0%

0%

Vice-Chairpersons

1

2

3

33%

33%

67%

67%

Rapporteurs for report

6

0

6

83%

100%

17%

0%

Rapporteurs for opinion

0

0

0

0%

-

100%

-

Committee on Rules of Procedure, Immunities and Institutional Affairs

Members

16

9

25

68%

64%

32%

36%

Chairperson

0

1

1

0%

0%

100%

100%

Vice-Chairpersons

3

0

3

100%

100%

0%

0%

Rapporteurs for report

4

2

6

50%

67%

50%

33%

Rapporteurs for opinion

0

1

1

100%

0%

0%

100%

OVERVIEW COMMITTEESNote

Position

Men

Women

Total

Percentage of men

Percentage of women

       

2020

2021

2020

2021

Full Members / Members

387

224

611

64%

63%

36%

37%

Alternates

304

189

493

63%

62%

37%

38%

Committee Chairpersons

7

2

9

67%

78%

33%

22%

Committee Vice‑Chairpersons

16

10

26

58%

62%

42%

38%

Rapporteurs for report

44

18

62

70%

71%

30%

29%

Rapporteurs for opinion

2

9

11

64%

18%

36%

82%

GENERAL RAPPORTEURS

2020

2021

 

Men

Women

Men

Women

General Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders

0

1

0

1

General Rapporteur on the abolition of the death penalty

1

0

1

0

General Rapporteur for the protection of whistleblowers

1

0

-

-

General Rapporteur on local and regional authorities

0

1

0

1

General Rapporteur on science and technology assessment

1

0

1

0

General Rapporteur on media freedom and safety of journalists

1

0

1

0

General Rapporteur on combating racism and intolerance

1

0

1

0

General Rapporteur on violence against women

0

1

0

1

General Rapporteur on the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people

1

0

1

0

General Rapporteur on the budget and intergovernmental programme

1

0

1

0

Total

7

3

6

3

Percentage

70%

30%

67%

33%

GENDER BREAKDOWN, BUREAUX OF SUB-COMMITTEES

Committees

Men

Women

Total

Percentage of men

Percentage of women

       

2020

2021

2020

2021

Committee on Political Affairs and Democracy

Sub-Committee Chairpersons

1

1

2

50%

50%

50%

50%

Vice-Chairpersons of Sub-Committees

0

2

2

-

0%

-

100%

Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights

Sub-Committee Chairpersons

3

0

3

100%

100%

0%

0%

Vice-Chairpersons of Sub-Committees

1

1

2

-

50%

-

50%

Committee on Social Affairs, Health and Sustainable Development

Sub-Committee Chairpersons

1

3

4

25%

25%

75%

75%

Vice-Chairpersons of Sub-Committees

1

2

3

100%

33%

0%

67%

Committee on Migration, Refugees and Displaced Persons

Sub-Committee Chairpersons

1

1

2

100%

50%

0%

50%

Vice-Chairpersons of Sub-Committees

1

0

1

50%

100%

50%

0%

Committee on Culture, Science, Education and Media

Sub-Committee Chairpersons

2

1

3

50%

67%

50%

33%

Vice-Chairpersons of Sub-Committees

0

1

1

67%

0%

33%

100%

Committee on Equality and Non-Discrimination

Sub-Committee Chairpersons

1

1

2

0%

50%

100%

50%

Vice-Chairpersons of Sub-Committees

0

1

1

0%

0%

100%

100%

GENDER BREAKDOWN, BUREAUX OF SUB-COMMITTEES

Committees

Men

Women

Total

Percentage of men

Percentage of women

       

2020

2021

2020

2021

Committee on Honouring of Obligations and Commitments by Member States (Monitoring Committee)

Sub-Committee Chairperson

1

0

1

100%

100%

0%

0%

Vice-Chairpersons of Sub-Committees

0

0

0

-

-

-

-

Committee on Rules of Procedure, Immunities and Institutional Affairs

Sub-Committee Chairperson

0

0

0

-

-

-

-

Vice-Chairpersons of Sub-Committees

0

0

0

-

-

-

-

OVERVIEW – SUB-COMMITTEES

Position

Men

Women

Total

Percentage of men

Percentage of women

       

2020

2021

2020

2021

Sub-Committee Chairpersons

10

7

17

62%

59%

38%

41%

Sub-Committee Vice-Chairpersons

3

7

10

57%

30%

43%

70%

GENDER BREAKDOWN – NATIONAL DELEGATIONS

National Delegations (Representatives and Substitutes)

Total

Men

Women

Percentage of men

Percentage of women

AlbaniaNote

7

2

5

29%

71%

Andorra

4

2

2

50%

50%

Armenia

8

6

2

75%

25%

Austria

12

7

5

58%

42%

Azerbaijan

12

8

4

67%

33%

Belgium

14

8

6

57%

43%

Bosnia and Herzegovina

10

4

6

40%

60%

Bulgaria

11

10

1

91%

9%

Croatia

10

5

5

50%

50%

Cyprus

4

3

1

75%

25%

Czech Republic

14

11

3

79%

21%

Denmark

10

8

2

80%

20%

Estonia

6

4

2

67%

33%

Finland

10

3

7

30%

70%

France

36

20

16

56%

44%

Georgia

10

7

3

70%

30%

Germany

36

24

12

67%

33%

Greece

14

9

5

64%

36%

Hungary

14

10

4

71%

29%

Iceland

6

3

3

50%

50%

Ireland

8

4

4

50%

50%

Italy

36

23

13

64%

36%

Latvia

6

4

2

67%

33%

Liechtenstein

4

3

1

75%

25%

Lithuania

8

5

3

63%

38%

Luxembourg

6

3

3

50%

50%

Malta

6

5

1

83%

17%

Republic of Moldova

10

5

5

50%

50%

Monaco

4

2

2

50%

50%

Montenegro

5

4

1

80%

20%

Netherlands

13

5

8

38%

62%

North Macedonia

6

3

3

50%

50%

Norway

10

3

7

30%

70%

Poland

24

19

5

79%

21%

Portugal

14

9

5

64%

36%

Romania

20

14

6

70%

30%

Russian Federation

36

27

9

75%

25%

San Marino

4

2

2

50%

50%

Serbia

14

9

5

64%

36%

Slovak Republic

8

4

4

50%

50%

Slovenia

6

0

6

0%

100%

Spain

24

13

11

54%

46%

Sweden

12

7

5

58%

42%

Switzerland

12

8

4

67%

33%

Turkey

36

27

9

75%

25%

Ukraine

24

13

11

54%

46%

United Kingdom

34

24

10

71%

29%

Total

638

399

235

63%

37%

GENDER BREAKDOWN – NATIONAL DELEGATIONS (REPRESENTATIVES ONLY)

National Delegations (representatives)

Total

Men

Women

Percentage of men

Percentage of women

Albania

4

2

2

50%

50%

Andorra

2

1

1

50%

50%

Armenia

4

3

1

75%

25%

Austria

6

4

2

67%

33%

Azerbaijan

6

5

1

83%

17%

Belgium

7

6

1

86%

14%

Bosnia and Herzegovina

5

1

4

20%

80%

Bulgaria

6

5

1

83%

17%

Croatia

5

2

3

40%

60%

Cyprus

2

1

1

50%

50%

Czech Republic

7

5

2

71%

29%

Denmark

5

4

1

80%

20%

Estonia

3

2

1

67%

33%

Finland

5

2

3

40%

60%

France

18

12

6

67%

33%

Georgia

5

3

2

60%

40%

Germany

18

13

5

72%

28%

Greece

7

4

3

57%

43%

Hungary

7

4

3

57%

43%

Iceland

3

2

1

67%

33%

Ireland

4

3

1

75%

25%

Italy

18

10

8

56%

44%

Latvia

3

2

1

67%

33%

Liechtenstein

2

1

1

50%

50%

Lithuania

4

2

2

50%

50%

Luxembourg

3

1

2

33%

67%

Malta

3

2

1

67%

33%

Republic of Moldova

5

3

2

60%

40%

Monaco

2

1

1

50%

50%

Montenegro

3

2

1

67%

33%

Netherlands

7

2

5

29%

71%

North Macedonia

3

2

1

67%

33%

Norway

5

2

3

40%

60%

Poland

12

10

2

83%

17%

Portugal

7

4

3

57%

43%

Romania

10

7

3

70%

30%

Russian Federation

18

14

4

78%

22%

San Marino

2

1

1

50%

50%

Serbia

7

3

4

43%

57%

Slovak Republic

4

2

2

50%

50%

Slovenia

3

0

3

0%

100%

Spain

12

7

5

58%

42%

Sweden

6

3

3

50%

50%

Switzerland

6

3

3

50%

50%

Turkey

18

13

5

72%

28%

Ukraine

12

5

7

42%

58%

United Kingdom

17

12

5

71%

29%

Total

321

198

123

62%

38%

GENDER BREAKDOWN – NATIONAL DELEGATIONS (SUBSTITUTES ONLY)

National Delegations (substitutes)

Total

Men

Women

Percentage of men

Percentage of women

Albania

3

0

3

0%

100%

Andorra

2

1

1

50%

50%

Armenia

4

3

1

75%

25%

Austria

6

3

3

50%

50%

Azerbaijan

6

3

3

50%

50%

Belgium

7

2

5

29%

71%

Bosnia and Herzegovina

5

3

2

60%

40%

Bulgaria

5

5

0

100%

0%

Croatia

5

3

2

60%

40%

Cyprus

2

2

0

100%

0%

Czech Republic

7

6

1

86%

14%

Denmark

5

4

1

80%

20%

Estonia

3

2

1

67%

33%

Finland

5

1

4

20%

80%

France

18

8

10

44%

56%

Georgia

5

4

1

80%

20%

Germany

18

11

7

61%

39%

Greece

7

5

2

71%

29%

Hungary

7

6

1

86%

14%

Iceland

3

1

2

33%

67%

Ireland

4

1

3

25%

75%

Italy

18

13

5

72%

28%

Latvia

3

2

1

67%

33%

Liechtenstein

2

2

0

100%

0%

Lithuania

4

3

1

75%

25%

Luxembourg

3

2

1

67%

33%

Malta

3

3

0

100%

0%

Republic of Moldova

5

2

3

40%

60%

Monaco

2

1

1

50%

50%

Montenegro

2

2

0

100%

0%

Netherlands

6

3

3

50%

50%

North Macedonia

3

1

2

33%

67%

Norway

5

1

4

20%

80%

Poland

12

9

3

75%

25%

Portugal

7

5

2

71%

29%

Romania

10

7

3

70%

30%

Russian Federation

18

13

5

72%

28%

San Marino

2

1

1

50%

50%

Serbia

7

6

1

86%

14%

Slovak Republic

4

2

2

50%

50%

Slovenia

3

0

3

0%

100%

Spain

12

6

6

50%

50%

Sweden

6

4

2

67%

33%

Switzerland

6

5

1

83%

17%

Turkey

18

14

4

78%

22%

Ukraine

12

8

4

67%

33%

United Kingdom

17

12

5

71%

29%

Total

317

201

116

63%

37%

OVERVIEW – NATIONAL DELEGATIONS

National Delegations

Total

Men

Women

Percentage of men

Percentage of women

       

2020

2021

2020

2021

Total

638

399

235

63%

63%

37%

37%

Representatives

321

198

123

64%

62%

36%

38%

Substitutes

317

201

116

63%

63%

37%

37%