In paragraph 5.2., after the words “in particular” add the following words:
“to enable families to remain together and”
Family reunion is the mechanism according to which family members who have been separated are reunited: mixed accommodation should first of all be available to family groups who have not been separated, to enable them to stay together.
After paragraph 5.2., insert the following paragraph:
“pay special attention to the need to provide young boys, especially adolescents, with separate accommodation facilities from that of young girls but also from that of men;”
Visits to reception centres show that adolescents require gender-specific accommodation. Boys are often accommodated with men and risk mistreatment in conditions unsuited to protecting the physical and mental integrity of children. The Parliamentary Assembly has repeatedly stated that children must be treated first as children, before considering their status.
In paragraph 5.3., replace the words “provide migrants and refugees with accessible and adapted gender-sensitive information” with the following words:
“in accordance with Objective 3 of the United Nations Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, provide migrants, refugees and asylum-seekers during their displacement, application processes, settlement, resettlement and integration, as well as during return procedures, with accessible, accurate, timely, gender-responsive information,”
This amendment aims to better emphasise the need for information at all stages of migration, until the status of the persons concerned is settled. The reference to the UN Global compact points to the useful and detailed practical recommendations developed by UN experts in each of the sectors concerned.
After paragraph 5.4., insert the following paragraph:
“recognising that women and girls are the most at-risk and vulnerable group among migrants, representing a diversity of different needs, provide specific protection for unaccompanied girls, single mothers, pregnant women, women with young children and women experiencing intersectional discrimination especially;
This amendment aims to emphasise the need for specific protection measures for vulnerable groups that are most at risk.
Replace paragraph 5.5. with the following paragraph:
“facilitate access to gender-specific health care services, including sexual and reproductive health and hygiene services and education for migrant and asylum-seeking women and girls and obstetrical and pre- and post-natal services (including breast-feeding facilities), as well as sexual health and hygiene education and services for men and boys, ensuring respect of privacy and confidentiality, and reform legislation and policy that deny or limit access to health services on the basis of residence or migration status. As far as possible, health services should be mainstreamed nationally;”
This paragraph would be strengthened by adding further detail about the services to be provided, and the provision of information and/or education aimed in particular at men and boys.
After paragraph 5.5. insert the following paragraph:
“ensure that feminine hygiene products are supplied to reception centres for migrants and asylum-seeking women and girls, and ensure adequate assistance in using them;”
Poverty and lack of availability deprive underprivileged women worldwide of access to feminine hygiene products. During long migration periods, girls and women traverse different stages of their development, often separated from supporting families and peers. Migrant girls and women, especially adolescents and older women, must be supported during these changes.
After paragraph 5.9., insert the following paragraph:
“take into account the fact that a larger proportion of women than men are occupied in informal work, such as care and domestic work, and ensure that the rights of migrant women in this type of employment are ensured through adequate supervision and accessible assistance;”
As already emphasised, there is a need for gender-sensitive policies and legislation at all stages of migration. Migrant women are particularly targets of exploitation in the types of employment they occupy, often in situations of subordination which can lead to abuse (for example domestic slavery).
In paragraph 7.8., replace the words “among social workers and interpreters working with migrants” with the following words:
“among counsellors, social workers and interpreters working with migrants, and give asylum-seekers the option of interacting with a person of their own sex”
This proposed amendment also aims to include men and boys in the recommendations for gender-sensitive treatment, here at borders, and not only to recommend the presence of women but also the possibility to choose a person of the same sex as an interlocutor.
At the end of paragraph 8, add the following sentences:
“It also points out that migrant women are as diverse as women in the rest of society and should be treated as such and not as a homogeneous (and stigmatised) group. In this respect, the Assembly refers to the work of the No Hate Parliamentary Alliance, co-ordinated by its General Rapporteur on combating racism and intolerance, and to its ongoing work on islamophobia.”
This addition emphasises that while gender mainstreaming is essential, migrant women are not a homogeneous group and their diversity must be taken into account. The second sentence highlights the need for another level of mainstreaming, namely including migrants in the work of the Assembly on countering racism, intolerance and islamophobia.
After paragraph 10.5., insert the following paragraph:
“foster financial inclusion of migrants by providing gender-responsive programmes and instruments that enhance the financial inclusion of migrants and their families, in accordance with Objective 20 of the UN Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration;”
The second reference to the UN global compact again points to the very practical and useful detailed guidelines contained in this instrument.