The functioning of democratic institutions in Ukraine
Addendum to the report
| Doc. 13405 Add.
| 30 January 2014
- Committee on the Honouring of Obligations and Commitments by Member States of the Council of Europe (Monitoring Committee)
- Co-rapporteur :
- Ms Mailis REPS,
- Co-rapporteur :
- Ms Marietta de POURBAIX-LUNDIN,
- Reference to committee:
Reference 4011 of 27 January 2014.Addendum to the
report approved by the committee on 30 January 2014. 2014 - First part-session
1 Update on recent
1. In our report, we described the developments in Ukraine
up to 27 January 2014, when we had to finalise the drafting. However,
since then, developments in Ukraine have continued in rapid succession
and considerable changes have taken place in the political landscape.
Some of these developments have addressed a number of the concerns
we expressed in our report. In this addendum, we intend, very briefly,
to outline some of the main developments.
2. On 28 January 2014, the Verkhovna Rada met in extraordinary
session. In a welcome move, with the support of both the ruling
majority and opposition, it repealed the controversial “anti-protest”
laws which had contributed to the recent violent escalation of the
conflict. There have been some – unconfirmed – rumours that some
of these laws, including the law on “foreign agents” could be re-introduced
at a later stage. We sincerely hope that these rumours are unfounded
as the reintroduction of such controversial laws could easily lead
to renewed escalation of tensions.
Also on 28 January 2014, Prime Minister Azarov announced his
resignation in order to facilitate a “peaceful resolution to the
conflict”. In line with Ukrainian legislation, this automatically
triggers the resignation of his Cabinet. A new Cabinet has to be
formed within 60 days. Until then, the current CabinetNote
remains in a caretaker position. President
Yanukovich announced that he had offered the position of Prime Minister
to Mr Arseniy Yatsenyuk, one of the opposition leaders. However,
the latter announced that he would decline the offer until such
time as the other demands of the opposition were met.
4. These developments, as well as clear indications that the
authorities and protest leaders had renewed their efforts to find
a negotiated solution to the political crisis, are an important
first step to calming the tense political situation. They offer
an important window of opportunity, which should now be followed
up by both sides with further concrete steps to resolve the crisis
peacefully and democratically.
5. At the time of writing, the authorities and protest leaders
are engaged in negotiations over an amnesty law for all those involved
in the Maidan protests. We support the principle of such a general
amnesty without pre-conditions, but we would like to stress that
there can be no impunity for grave acts of violence committed by
6. We have reflected most of these developments in the amendments
we have tabled to the draft resolution.