Logo Assembly Logo Hemicycle

Initiating Assembly contacts with the Somaliland Parliament, with a view to its possible eventual Partnership for Democracy with the Assembly

Motion for a resolution | Doc. 14931 | 27 June 2019

Mr Markus WIECHEL, Sweden, EC ; Mr Sos AVETISYAN, Armenia, SOC ; Sir Christopher CHOPE, United Kingdom, EC ; Mr Alexander CHRISTIANSSON, Sweden, EC ; Lord Alexander DUNDEE, United Kingdom, EC ; Ms Edite ESTRELA, Portugal, SOC ; Mr Nigel EVANS, United Kingdom, EC ; Sir Roger GALE, United Kingdom, EC ; Ms Nino GOGUADZE, Georgia, EC ; Mr Oleksii GONCHARENKO, Ukraine, EC ; Ms Tatevik HAYRAPETYAN, Armenia, EPP/CD ; Mr John HOWELL, United Kingdom, EC ; Mr Serhii KIRAL, Ukraine, EC ; Sir Edward LEIGH, United Kingdom, EC ; Mr Duarte MARQUES, Portugal, EPP/CD ; Mr Edmon MARUKYAN, Armenia, ALDE ; Mr Maciej MASŁOWSKI, Poland, EC ; Mr Arkadiusz MULARCZYK, Poland, EC ; Ms Miroslava NĚMCOVÁ, Czech Republic, EC ; Mr Paulo PISCO, Portugal, SOC ; Ms Irina PRUIDZE, Georgia, EC ; Mr Ruben RUBINYAN, Armenia, EPP/CD ; Lord Simon RUSSELL, United Kingdom, EC ; Ms Branka STAMENKOVIĆ, Serbia, EC ; Mr Vladimir VARDANYAN, Armenia, EPP/CD ; Mr Morten WOLD, Norway, EC

The Parliamentary Assembly's partnership for democracy has, since its creation in 2009, served to strengthen the links of the Assembly with four recognised partnership for democracy partners. The arrangement has been a great force for improvements in partnership for democracy countries, through their participating parliaments, as regards the Council of Europe's core aims of enhancing democracy, human rights and the rule of law.

Considering that this is an inter-parliamentary co-operation arrangement, it would appear desirable that a parliament such as that of the autonomous and self-governing Somaliland should also eventually be able to be a partnership for democracy. This is all the more so since the remainder of Somalia is a de facto “failed State” with a virtually inoperative central State structure.

Somaliland has enjoyed free and fair elections to its own parliament for decades with peaceful changes of government and has well-functioning institutions. Somaliland is also waging a resolute campaign against piracy, religious extremism and the practice of female genital mutilation through both its religious and its political authorities, fully in line with another Assembly priority. By offering free schooling for all children, Somaliland is moreover dedicated to a higher education level among its citizens.

Somaliland is the only country in the region with a stable democratic government and where there is freedom of expression. If the progress of Somaliland continues, and if it can guarantee implementation of the provisions of the European Convention on Human Rights and aim for more openness regarding freedom of religion, then Somaliland merits being welcomed to the Assembly as a partner for democracy.

In conclusion, the Assembly should establish contacts with the Somaliland Parliament in order to build relations to be followed in due course by deepening co-operation in the above-mentioned areas on the road towards a possible partnership for democracy status.