Jewish cultural heritage preservation
Reply to Recommendation
| Doc. 15100
| 29 April 2020
- Committee of Ministers
- Adopted at the 1373rd meeting
of the Ministers’ Deputies (8 April 2020). 2020 - Fourth part-session
- Reply to Recommendation
- : Recommendation 2165
The Committee of
Ministers has taken due note of Parliamentary Assembly Recommendation 2165 (2019)
“The preservation of the Jewish cultural heritage” and
brought it to the attention of the governments of member States.
It has also communicated it to the bodies concernedNote
and possible comments.
2 The Committee of Ministers agrees with the Assembly’s view
that Jewish cultural heritage forms an integral part of the shared
cultural heritage in Europe and that it is therefore a common responsibility
to increase efforts to preserve it. The Committee is aware that
Jewish heritage is frequently an “orphaned” heritage, without a
community to use and preserve it, and hence particularly vulnerable
– a fact which should be duly taken into account when devising heritage
policies and actions.
3 The Assembly refers to a number of existing Council of Europe
treaties and instruments, which the Committee of Ministers also
sees as an appropriate means of helping to protect Jewish heritage.
For instance, the aim of the Council of Europe Framework Convention
on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society (CETS No. 199, Faro
Convention) is to involve local communities in the protection and
management of their surrounding cultural heritage and trigger curiosity,
engagement and “ownership”. The European Heritage Strategy for the
21st Century (Strategy 21) provides an
excellent tool – offering analysis of the challenges to cultural
heritage in combination with policy recommendations and targeted
good practice examples. Lastly, the Committee agrees with the Assembly
that the Council of Europe Cultural Routes Programme and the European Heritage
Days, with their hands-on, participatory approach, offer an interesting
framework for the promotion of Jewish cultural heritage.
4 The Committee of Ministers considers that the Council of Europe’s
entire acquis in the area
of cultural heritage protection (consisting of conventions and other
standard setting tools, good practices, information tools and networks)
can help to protect and promote Jewish cultural heritage in Europe.
5 With regard to education programmes on the value of Jewish
heritage, the Committee of Ministers would like to begin by highlighting
the longstanding work of the Education Department on history teaching
and the efforts made to promote multiperspectivity in history teaching.
A revitalised project on history education is part of the Education
Department’s programme for 2020-2021. One of the aims of this project
will be to strengthen the links with the democratic mission of education,
with a clear reference to the Reference Framework of Competences
for Democratic Culture, which includes knowledge and critical understanding
of history among the key competences.
6 The Committee of Ministers has instructed the Steering Committee
for Education Policy and Practice (CDPPE) to prepare a draft Recommendation
of the Committee of Ministers to member States on “Passing on remembrance
of the Holocaust and preventing crimes against humanity”. This new
instrument should be completed in the months ahead and the Committee
of Ministers will examine the draft prepared by the CDPPE, in the
light of the Assembly’s recommendation.
7 Reference should also be made to the proposal to establish
an Observatory on History teaching in the form of an enlarged partial
agreement of the Council of Europe, whose work should focus on preparing
ad hoc reports on the state of history teaching in Europe. Without
wishing to prejudge the final outcome of the project, one could
consider that promoting European cultural heritage as a whole, including
Jewish cultural heritage, could, in due course, form part of this
8 In conclusion, the Committee of Ministers notes with interest
the Assembly’s proposal to co-operate with the European Union in
all these endeavours, particularly in the context of its new European
Framework for Action on Cultural Heritage.