The Republic of Moldova, which since July 2021 has had a stable parliamentary majority committed to European integration, has continued a profound reform process of its institutions, in particular the restoration of the independence and integrity of the judiciary and the public prosecutor's office and the fight against corruption. The Monitoring Committee welcomes the ratification of the Istanbul Convention and the progress in the field of gender equality.
However, the committee underlines the challenges the country faces in eradicating the roots of “state capture”, in a context of economic, energy and humanitarian crisis following the Russian Federation's aggression against neighbouring Ukraine and the massive arrival of refugees. This regional context and the hybrid war threaten the country's external security and the Transnistrian conflict settlement, but also the functioning of its democratic institutions.
The Parliamentary Assembly should therefore support the country's efforts and encourage the authorities to consolidate the reform process in co-operation with the Council of Europe and the Venice Commission. It should also urge the authorities to ensure respect for the rule of law and democracy by involving the parliamentary opposition and civil society in order to guarantee good quality laws and the establishment of sustainable and solid institutions.