Council of Europe member states should “identify and freeze” as many of the assets as possible of Russian citizens and state enterprises subject to targeted sanctions for their responsibility in the war of aggression launched against Ukraine by the Russian Federation, the Parliamentary Assembly said.
In the parliamentarians’ opinion, governments should provide for the use of suitable assets, in particular houses and apartments, for the reception of Ukrainian refugees. Also, they should adopt a decision on the final usage of these assets once confiscated definitively, since “these assets were stolen from the Russian people and should be returned to it”. As long as the current regime is in place, “the risk of renewed misappropriation of these assets is high”.
According to the Assembly, the Russian Federation will be bound to compensate Ukraine for the damage caused by its war of aggression, which would open the way for “using these assets for partly offsetting the financial debt” of the Russian Federation vis-à-vis Ukraine.
The unanimously adopted resolution, based on the report prepared by André Vallini (France, SOC), calls more generally for the social re-use of confiscated criminal assets, taking due account in the preparation of the relevant texts of the best practices identified in several Council of Europe member States, notably in Italy, the United Kingdom and Spain.