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Compensation mechanisms for Ukraine the focus of a PACE hearing in Paris

War destruction in Ukraine

Ukraine’s Deputy Justice Minister Iryna Mudra spelled out proposals for a legal mechanism enabling her country to be compensated for the damage caused by Russia’s aggression during a PACE hearing in Paris on 12 December, web-streamed live.

She set out detailed proposals for the creation of an international register of damage in Ukraine caused by Russian aggression, as a first step, and in due course the creation of compensation fund and a compensation commission to ultimately consider claims. “We are asking states to maintain the freeze on Russian assets until legal solutions are in place,” she added.

Also taking part in the hearing was Professor Burkhard Hess, Director of the Max Planck Institute for International, European and Regulatory Procedural Law, based in Luxembourg, who addressed the legal questions round the possible transfer of seized or frozen Russian assets – an estimated 660 billion US dollars has been targeted – to Ukrainian victims.

The event, organised by PACE’s Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights, was the third in a series of hearings for a report by Damien Cottier (Switzerland, ALDE) on the legal and human rights aspects of Russia’s aggression against Ukraine.

The earlier hearings covered the PACE proposal for an ad hoc tribunal to try Russian leaders for the crime of aggression, and other legal avenues for pursuing accountability for war crimes, crimes against humanity, and possible genocide.

Mr Cottier’s report is due for debate by the Assembly at its January 2023 plenary session.

Video of the audition