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Iranian and Iraqi refugees and asylum-seekers in Turkey

Recommendation 1094 (1989)

Author(s):
Parliamentary Assembly
Origin
Assembly debate on 31 January 1989 (19th and 20th Sittings) (see Doc. 5995, report of the Committee on Migration, Refugees and Demography, Rapporteur : Mrs Luuk). Text adopted by the Assembly on 31 January 1989 (20th Sitting).
Thesaurus

The Assembly

1 Recalling its Order No. 437 (1988) on Iranian refugees in Turkey ;
2 Noting that, after the cease-fire in the war between Iraq and Iran, about 52 000 people were compelled to leave Iraq and seek refuge or asylum in Turkey ;
3 Aware of the crucial problems caused to Turkey as a result of this new massive refugee flow ;
4 Paying tribute to the humanitarian assistance given to these refugees or asylum-seekers by the Turkish authorities ;
5 Having received information on the situation of Iranian and Iraqi refugees or asylum-seekers from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and Amnesty International
6 Appreciating the difficulties facing Turkey in providing adequate living conditions, especially to the Iraqi refugees or asylum-seekers, in view of the harsh climatic conditions in the areas where they are provisionally settled ;
7 Desirous that the Turkish authorities continue to ascertain that those refugees returning to their country of origin do so of their own free will ;
8 Regretting that other countries have accepted only small numbers of Iranian refugees or asylum-seekers wishing to leave Turkey ;
9 Considering that the flow of Iranian and Iraqi refugees or asylum-seekers to Turkey has become a major refugee problem in Europe, and that Turkey should benefit from the duty of solidarity which links the member states of the Council of Europe ;
10 Recalling the appeal launched to the international community by the Turkish Government to support its efforts to meet the essential needs of Iranian and Iraqi refugees or asylum-seekers ;
11 Considering that the Council of Europe's Resettlement Fund for National Refugees and Over-Population in Europe constitutes a suitable instrument to implement European solidarity in this respect ;
12 Convinced that the maintenance of Turkey's geographical reservation to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol is a serious obstacle to international assistance ;
13 Noting that, during the past few months in Turkey, the Intergovernmental Committee for Migration (ICM) has assisted in the transfer of more than 1 000 Iranian refugees to countries willing to receive them,
14 Recommends that the Committee of Ministers :
a invite Turkey :
14.1.1 to consider withdrawing the geographical reservation to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol, as already requested by the Assembly on several occasions ;
14.1.2 to submit specific projects for the benefit of Iranian and Iraqi refugees to the Council of Europe Resettlement Fund ;
14.1.3 to consider becoming a member of the Intergovernmental Committee for Migration (ICM) ;
14.1.4 to accept the assistance offered by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and intergovernmental organisations ;
14.1.5 to seek assistance from non-governmental organisations with recognised competence in dealing with refugees ;
b urge member states :
14.2.1 to aid Turkey financially to undertake projects aiming to provide humanitarian assistance to Iraqi refugees or asylum-seekers ;
14.2.2 to make special financial contributions to the Council of Europe Resettlement Fund in order to facilitate the financing of specific projects for Iranian and Iraqi refugees or asylum-seekers in Turkey ;
14.2.3 to give urgent consideration to receiving Iranian and Iraqi refugees or asylum-seekers within significant quotas ;
c call upon Iran and Iraq to allow the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to supervise the resettlement of refugees returning from Turkey.
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