Logo Assembly Logo Hemicycle

Impunity of perpetrators of crimes committed by totalitarian communist regimes in Europe

Motion for a recommendation | Doc. 13234 | 18 June 2013

Mr Latchezar TOSHEV, Bulgaria, EPP/CD ; Ms Lolita ČIGĀNE, Latvia, EPP/CD ; Mr Axel E. FISCHER, Germany, EPP/CD ; Mr Erich Georg FRITZ, Germany, EPP/CD ; Mr Valeriu GHILETCHI, Republic of Moldova, EPP/CD ; Ms Dzhema GROZDANOVA, Bulgaria, EPP/CD ; Mr Norbert HAUPERT, Luxembourg, EPP/CD ; Mr Michael HENNRICH, Germany, EPP/CD ; Mr Andres HERKEL, Estonia, EPP/CD ; Mr Joachim HÖRSTER, Germany, EPP/CD ; Ms Anette HÜBINGER, Germany, EPP/CD ; Mr Stanislav IVANOV, Bulgaria, EPP/CD ; Mr Aleksandar NENKOV, Bulgaria, EPP/CD ; Mr Aleksandar NIKOLOSKI, ''The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia'', EPP/CD ; Mr Petar PETROV, Bulgaria, EPP/CD ; Ms Marietta de POURBAIX-LUNDIN, Sweden, EPP/CD ; Mr Johannes RÖRING, Germany, EPP/CD ; Mr Kimmo SASI, Finland, EPP/CD ; Ms Irena SOKOLOVA, Bulgaria, EPP/CD ; Ms Karin STRENZ, Germany, EPP/CD ; Mr Egidijus VAREIKIS, Lithuania, EPP/CD ; Mr Luca VOLONTÈ, Italy, EPP/CD ; Mr Johann WADEPHUL, Germany, EPP/CD ; Mr Emanuelis ZINGERIS, Lithuania, EPP/CD

Only justice can lead to reconciliation, overcoming the rift in societies split by the repressions committed by totalitarian communist regimes, and to reunification around common values.

Many ex-communist member States apply legal prescriptions for statutory limitations of 20 or 30 years, which makes it impossible to bring to Court the perpetrators of the most severe crimes as the perpetrators of crimes committed by national-socialist regimes. The impunity of the perpetrators of crimes against political opponents is detrimental to public moral values.

This impunity contradicts the provisions of the European Convention on Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which state that their principles shall not prejudice the trial and punishment of any person for any act or omission which, at the time when it was committed, was criminal according to the general principles of law recognised by civilised nations. When these crimes were part of the repressive policies of totalitarian regimes, and victims were deprived of their right to legal defence, no legal statutory limitation shall be applied in accordance with the general legal principle “Contra non valentem agere nulla currit praescriptio”.

Part of these crimes fall under the definitions of crimes against humanity as described in Article 6-c of the Charter of the International Military Tribunal, confirmed by United Nations Resolution 3 (I)/13.02.1946 and Resolution 95(I)/11.12.1946, the United Nations Convention on the non-applicability of statutory limitations to war crimes and crimes against humanity and Article 7 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

The Parliamentary Assembly therefore calls on the Committee of Ministers to study such cases and to recommend that member States implement appropriate measures in order to guarantee justice for the victims and punishment of the perpetrators of these crimes.