Foreign fighters in Syria and Iraq
- Parliamentary Assembly
debate on 27 January 2016 (6th Sitting) (see Doc. 13937, report of the Committee on Political Affairs and Democracy,
rapporteur: Mr Dirk Van der Maelen; Doc. 13959, opinion of the Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights,
rapporteur: Mr Pieter Omtzigt). Text
adopted by the Assembly on 27 January 2016 (6th Sitting).
The Parliamentary Assembly refers
to its Resolution 2091
on foreign fighters in Syria and Iraq, as well
as to Resolution 2090
on combating international terrorism while protecting
Council of Europe standards and values, and invites the Committee
of Ministers to give appropriate consideration to the ideas and
proposals contained therein.
2. The recent terrorist attacks which took the lives of hundreds
of citizens of Turkey, the Russian Federation, Lebanon, France,
Tunisia and many other countries, require the international community
to step up co-operation in the fight against terrorism.
3. The Assembly is convinced that the Council of Europe, with
its rich experience in consolidating democracy, protecting human
rights, strengthening the rule of law and dealing with issues related
to democratic security, can make a more substantial contribution
to efforts to address the root causes of the phenomenon of foreign
fighters, and to preventing terrorism in general.
The Assembly welcomes the adoption by the Committee of Ministers
of the Action Plan on the fight against violent extremism and radicalisation
leading to terrorism. It invites the Committee of Ministers to:
4.1 strengthen the Council of Europe’s
contribution to the fight against terrorism, enhance its capacities
and increase the resources available for activities in this area;
4.2 ensure the swift implementation of the measures aimed
at preventing and fighting radicalisation contained in the action
plan, and give more priority to education for democratic citizenship;
4.3 give substance to the proposal to draw up a Committee
of Ministers recommendation on terrorists acting alone.
5. Furthermore, the Assembly invites the Committee of Ministers
to consider the feasibility of developing, at the level of the Council
of Europe, a comprehensive legal definition of terrorism, which
would greatly contribute to enhanced pan-European co-operation on
preventing and suppressing terrorism, the efficient extradition
of terror suspects and the provision of mutual legal assistance
between member States in terrorism cases.
The Assembly invites the member States to work towards concluding
agreements with third countries, the terms of which would guarantee:
6.1 that they stand ready to receive
their nationals who have been expelled from Council of Europe member
States on account of terrorist offences;
6.2 that, in accordance with international law, such persons
will not be subjected to torture or capital punishment.