Victims of human rights violations, especially conflict-related humanitarian crises, require humanitarian assistance to address their daily needs. Over the years, in arenas of conflict, the provision of such assistance has been inadequate.
Victims and their families who have been subjected to gross violations of human rights and serious violations of international humanitarian law have a right to reparation. This right is enshrined in several international documents, including in:
Further, the Parliamentary Assembly Resolution 2134 (2016) on co-operation with the International Criminal Court: towards a concrete and expanded commitment calls upon member States to co-operate with the ICC and “[make] meaningful financial contributions to the ICC’s Trust Fund for Victims” that implements court-ordered reparations.
Such reparations include: restitution, compensation and rehabilitation. However, as the right to reparations is interrelated with the question of responsibility for such violations, and that currently there is no permanent mechanism to enable the enforcement of such a right, the right is rarely enforced. Further, victims are denied the right to hold a nation state legally accountable for its actions and for victims to receive reparations.
The lack of support for victims of conflict-related human rights violations and the lack of enforcement of the right to reparations should be addressed by the Assembly. The Assembly should call to scrutinize: the failings in the provision of humanitarian assistance, the discrimination against compensating victims based on nationality and religion, the failings of the legal order to support victims of conflict, and propose an international model to enforce the right to reparation.