Five years after the beginning of the Russian aggression in Ukraine, more than 5 million people are affected by the war and 3,5 million are in urgent need of humanitarian assistance. 30 % of them are elderly people. 3 000 civilians were killed during the war and more than 9 000 were injured.
According to the UNHCR, there are about 1,4 million IDPs in Ukraine. Many of them continue to live in collective centres and have not received social housing. The access to pensions for IDPs is still linked to IDPs registration. Many IDPs do not see any sustainable improvement in their situation and complain about the lack of durable solution.
The population living near the 420-km-long contact-line have a limited access to health services, paediatric facilities, public transport and basic services.
The war brought new dangers for civilian population such as landmines and unexploded remnants of war. Eastern Ukraine became one of the regions most contaminated by landmines in the world.
Two years after the adoption by the Parliamentary Assembly of Resolution 2198 (2018) on the humanitarian consequences of the war in Ukraine, the Assembly should assess the progress made in the implementation of this resolution and propose measures to improve the current humanitarian situation in Ukraine.