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Urgent need for electoral reform in Belarus

Motion for a resolution | Doc. 15131 | 01 September 2020

Signatories:
Lord David BLENCATHRA, United Kingdom, EC/DA ; Mr Duncan BAKER, United Kingdom, EC/DA ; Lord Richard BALFE, United Kingdom, NR ; Mr Jokin BILDARRATZ, Spain, ALDE ; Mr Chris BRYANT, United Kingdom, SOC ; Ms Edite ESTRELA, Portugal, SOC ; Lord George FOULKES, United Kingdom, SOC ; Sir Roger GALE, United Kingdom, EC/DA ; Dame Cheryl GILLAN, United Kingdom, EC/DA ; Ms Marija GOLUBEVA, Latvia, ALDE ; Mr Fabien GOUTTEFARDE, France, ALDE ; Lord Leslie GRIFFITHS, United Kingdom, SOC ; Mr Paolo GRIMOLDI, Italy, EC/DA ; Ms Gyde JENSEN, Germany, ALDE ; Ms Maria JUFEREVA-SKURATOVSKI, Estonia, ALDE ; Mr Kimmo KILJUNEN, Finland, SOC ; Mr Tiny KOX, Netherlands, UEL ; Ms Yevheniia KRAVCHUK, Ukraine, ALDE ; Mr Ian LIDDELL-GRAINGER, United Kingdom, EC/DA ; Mr Tony LLOYD, United Kingdom, SOC ; Ms Kathrine OLLDAG, Denmark, ALDE ; Mr Aleksander POCIEJ, Poland, EPP/CD ; Mr Urmas REITELMANN, Estonia, EC/DA ; Mr Alberto RIBOLLA, Italy, EC/DA ; Lord Simon RUSSELL, United Kingdom, EC/DA ; Mr Stefan SCHENNACH, Austria, SOC ; Mr Frank SCHWABE, Germany, SOC ; Ms Laurence TRASTOUR-ISNART, France, EPP/CD ; Mr Markus WIECHEL, Sweden, EC/DA

The Parliamentary Assembly has observed numerous elections in Belarus since 1995 and has consistently noted serious deficiencies regarding the electoral process, beyond the voting day, including: unbalanced composition of election commissions; severe obstacles to political parties and candidates registration; involvement of employees of State institutions in electoral processes; unbalanced media coverage of the election campaign; lack of transparency of early voting procedures.

The International Election Observation Mission on the 2016 parliamentary elections concluded that, despite some efforts to address some long-standing issues, a number of systemic shortcomings remained and asked for reform of the legal framework. The observation report on the early parliamentary elections of 17 November 2019 noted that the long-needed reform had not been carried out and concluded that the elections had not met international standards for democratic elections.

The presidential election of 9 August 2020, conducted under the same discredited electoral system, could not have been meaningfully observed by the Assembly, in particular in the absence of independent long-term election observers from ODIHR, and, for the same reason, cannot be considered free and fair.

In reaction to protests by the Belarus people massively challenging the results of the election and in the light of the above-mentioned systemic problems, it is more urgent than ever to take stock of the electoral process and support all stakeholders to engage in a comprehensive reform of the electoral system, in line with the Assembly’s previous recommendations and in co-operation with the Venice Commission, to which Belarus is an associate member.

While the choice of political and electoral systems is the sovereign decision of Belarus, the Assembly expects Belarus to adhere to Council of Europe standards in electoral matters, as developed in particular by the Venice Commission and the Assembly itself, and finally organise competitive democratic elections which will meaningfully reflect the will of the people.

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