The Council of Europe has amassed significant experience in dealing with conflict prevention and peace-building. With both successes and failures on the record, the above-mentioned experience requires critical examination in light of the study of the best practices on both global and regional levels and of the relationship between the Council of Europe and UN legal frameworks and approaches aimed at preventing and stopping aggressions and building lasting peace.
An in-depth reflection is needed on the means to strengthen the indispensable role of the Council of Europe in the European institutional architecture as the guardian of democracy, human rights and the rule of law and a forum for co-operation and dialogue between peaceful, independent democratic States to make the Council of Europe more effective and better equipped to promote democratic security and tackle the challenges ahead. The role of the Parliamentary Assembly’s resolutions in judicial proceedings as a dimension of efforts to maintain international peace and security should be assessed. Practical recommendations should be provided as to the appropriate action in all stages of conflict development in order to enable an efficient preventive action and reduce the number of aggressive wars.