According to the Parliamentary Assembly, the Council of Europe should contribute to the establishment of unified State structures in Libya, which alone can put an end to the “widespread and daily violations of human rights and humanitarian law”, reduce the terrorist threat and stem migration flows.
The resolution adopted today, on the basis of the report by Attila Korodi (Romania, EPP/CD), states that this contribution could, in particular, focus on the drafting of the Libyan Constitution, through the Venice Commission, and support for electoral procedures in preparation for a constitutional referendum and then for parliamentary and presidential elections – in which the Assembly could serve as an election observer.
PACE called on member States to devise a new framework to offer migrants protection and to have asylum applications from those considered to be “extremely vulnerable” examined in safer neighbouring countries. It also advocated an alternative solution to the detention centres where migrants are cooped up in inhumane conditions – for example the dismantlement of these centres and the creation of transit facilities allowing the transfer of refugees, on a voluntary basis, to third countries.
The parliamentarians regret that the 2011 revolution in Libya, in the wake of the Arab Spring, was not able to result in a successful political transition, but in a fragmentation of the country on an institutional, regional and societal level, plunging it into chaos. They supported the Special Representative’s efforts to promote “the most inclusive possible dialogue between Libyans without outside interference”.