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Protecting and assisting victims of arbitrary displacement

The Migration Committee, meeting by videoconference, today expressed its deep concern over victims of arbitrary displacement. The report by Fabien Gouttefarde (France, ALDE), unanimously adopted by the committee, indicates that, according to the UNHCR, nearly 80 million persons have been displaced by force globally, most of them inside their country, particularly in Africa which suffers from armed conflicts and terrorism.

The committee is concerned that nearly 2.8 million Europeans are internally displaced persons (IDPs), according to estimates by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre in Geneva. “Many Europeans are refugees in other countries, in particular Ukrainians who fled the war in eastern Ukraine and the Crimea; more recently, the conflict over the Nagorno-Karabakh region has led to new waves of displaced persons,” the parliamentarians stressed.

In this context, the committee called on member States to transpose the standards of international law into national legislation, and to “introduce therein the principle of universal jurisdiction of national courts” for arbitrary displacement and other war crimes or crimes against humanity. According to the adopted draft resolution, each member State should prosecute and punish, by all means available under national and international law, any human rights violations committed by third parties abroad against displaced persons.

Finally, the committee called on member States to provide protection and assistance to victims of such displacements through special medical and psychological care, accelerated asylum procedures, action allowing family reunification, and the prosecution of crimes committed. against victims.