At its meeting in hybrid mode, the Migration Committee stressed the importance of protecting human rights for people forced to migrate by climate-change-induced disasters or hardship, with particular attention to vulnerable groups such as “persons living in coastal areas, indigenous people, minorities, older persons, women, children and persons with disabilities”.
In adopting the report by Pierre-Alain Fridez (Switzerland, SOC), the committee encouraged member States to prevent environmental degradation, that multiply the effects of climate change and may lead to mass population displacement. It called on States, in particular, to ensure that major industrial projects do not harm neighbouring countries, and to guarantee access to quality drinking water for all.
According to the parliamentarians, science and technology should be used to serve people and save lives, such as a side by side mapping of both climate change and migration to predict migration trends, or improving responses to major hazards and early warning mechanisms.
The committee called for increased development cooperation and emergency support in the countries of origin of migrants, to address issues of food and water security, or personal and political security. It called on member States, in particular, to create a World Solidarity Fund for Climate Migration.
Finally, the committee considers that “the human right to a safe, clean, healthy, and sustainable environment” must be implemented as soon as possible, stressing that this “new generation” right should also be embedded in international instruments that influence migration, such as disaster preparedness instruments, economic development strategies or energy production agreements.