Justice by algorithm – The role of artificial intelligence in policing and criminal justice systems
- Parliamentary Assembly
adopted by the Standing Committee, acting on behalf of
the Assembly, on 22 October 2020 (see Doc. 15156, report of the Committee on Legal Affairs and Human
Rights, rapporteur: Mr Boriss Cilevičs).
The Parliamentary Assembly refers
to its Resolution 2342
“Justice by algorithm – The role of artificial
intelligence in policing and criminal justice systems”, which was
adopted while work by the Ad hoc Committee on Artificial Intelligence
(CAHAI) was ongoing within the Council of Europe.
2. The Assembly recalls that all Council of Europe member States
are subject to the same basic standards of human rights and the
rule of law, notably those established by the European Convention
on Human Rights (ETS No. 5), as interpreted by the case law of the
European Court of Human Rights. It considers that a regulatory patchwork
– different standards in different countries – may give rise to
“ethics shopping”, resulting in the relocation of artificial intelligence
development and use to regions with lower ethical standards.
3. The Assembly therefore calls on the Committee of Ministers
to take into account the particularly serious potential impact on
human rights of the use of artificial intelligence in policing and
criminal justice systems when assessing the necessity and feasibility
of a European legal framework for artificial intelligence.