Logo Assembly Logo Hemicycle

Observation of the Parliamentary Elections in Monaco (3 February 2008)

Election observation report | Doc. 11535 | 20 March 2008

Author(s):
Bureau of the Assembly
Rapporteur :
Mr Jaakko LAAKSO, Finland, UEL
Origin
Approved by the Bureau at its meeting on 13 March 2008. 2008 - Second part-session
Thesaurus

1 Introduction

1. In response to an invitation from the Minister of State of Monaco, Mr Jean-Paul Proust, the Bureau of the Parliamentary Assembly decided, on 22 November 2007, to set up an ad hoc committee to observe the elections to the National Council (Parliament) of Monaco, which took place on 3 February 2008.
2. Based on the proposals of the Assembly’s political groups, the ad hoc committee was composed as follows:
  • Socialist Group (SOC)
    • Mr Leonid Slutsky, Russian Federation
  • Group of the European People’s Party (EPP/CD)
    • Mr Egidijus Vareikis, Lithuania
  • Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE)
    • Mr Maximilian Reimann, Switzerland
  • European Democrat Group (EDG)
    • Baroness Gloria Hooper, United Kingdom
  • Group of the Unified European Left (UEL)
    • Mr Jaakko Laakso, Finland
3. The Bureau appointed me as head of this ad hoc committee.
4. Secretariat support was provided by Mr Vladimir Dronov, Head of Secretariat, Interparliamentary Cooperation Department, and Ms Farida Jamal, Administrative Assistant.
5. The ad hoc committee met in Monaco from 1 to 4 February.
6. In addition to observing the actual voting and vote count, committee members met with Monégasque party leaders, the President of the National Council, the Minister of State, as well as the Mayor of Monaco, who is also Chairperson of the Electoral Committee. On election day, the committee observed the actual voting in Monaco’s only polling station, the vote count following the closure of voting and visited the government election monitoring unit. The text of the press statement made following this observation exercise can be found in Appendix I. The Parliamentary Assembly delegation was the only international delegation to observe the 3 February elections.
7. Election day was characterised by a high voter turnout (76.85% – 4 854 Monégasques voted out of a total of 6 316 registered voters) and was in general calm. The electoral officials displayed remarkable efficiency and professionalism. The vote count was conducted effectively and in full compliance with existing regulations. It was carried out in a unique atmosphere of transparency where every national of Monaco could observe the process.
8. The delegation wishes to thank the Parliament of Monaco (National Council) and the office of the Minister of State for their co-operation and for the logistical support provided to the ad hoc committee.

2 The pre-election period

2.1 Legal framework and electoral administration

9. Following its accession to the Council of Europe in 2004, Monaco has yet to ratify the First Additional Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) that safeguards, inter alia, the right to free elections.
10. Under the existing legislation, the parliament is elected for a term of five years, in a single round mixed majority/proportional election. Two thirds (18 members) of the National Council are appointed by majority vote, and go to those who have obtained the most votes. The remainder (8 seats) are filled by proportional vote based on the highest-average rule provided that the candidates are from a list that has obtained at least 5% of the votes.
11. According to the Election Law, the administration of the election process is organised by the office of the Mayor of Monaco, with the mayor acting as Chairperson of the Electoral Committee.

2.2 Voters and candidates

12. All Monégasque nationals who are 18 and above are eligible to vote. Only nationals of Monaco (including naturalised Monégasques) are entitled to stand in an election. To exercise the right to vote, a person has to present himself/herself at the country’s only polling station, produce an identity card and a voter’s card. Existing legislation does not provide for voting by postal correspondence, postal voting or voting in the few Monégasque embassies abroad. People in hospitals could also be disenfranchised as the procedure does not provide for mobile ballot boxes. However, to take care of these situations, the law allows voting by proxy.
13. Candidates belonging to three lists ran in these elections: Union Pour Monaco (UPM), Rassemblement et Enjeux pour Monaco (REPM) and Monaco Ensemble (ME). In accordance with Monaco’s legislation that provides for mixing candidates during the vote, in addition to voting for the lists, voters could vote for individual candidates from different lists (see paragraph 10, above).

2.3 The run-up to the election and the election campaign

14. The election campaign was low key. Since traditionally no opinion polls were conducted the outcome of the election was rather unclear even to the political elite.
15. In a welcome development, the office of the mayor conducted a voters’ awareness-raising campaign, producing booklets and posters that clarified the rather complicated voting procedures in Monaco’s mixed system.
16. The delegation was informed by some interlocutors that there was a degree of discontent in the Monégasque electorate due to the belated publication of political programmes of the stakeholders which, allegedly, did not allow the electorate to obtain a full picture of the different political platforms. There were mutual recriminations across the three lists lamenting the unwillingness of their leaders to engage in public debate. Local media published information concerning financial resources, collected by political lists, as well the use of those funds.

2.4 The media

17. Monaco has no legislation governing media behaviour in an electoral campaign. In general, in the absence of specific legislation, coverage of the electoral campaign by the media was pluralistic. The media sought to observe equal allocation of attention to the three contesting camps, even though no law in Monaco requires them to do so.

3 Election day

18. Parliamentary Assembly observers were able to obtain a comprehensive picture of the voting and the vote count. The elections were well organised and conducted in an orderly manner. The delegation regarded the administration of the elections as exemplary.
19. The vote count was an exercise in an extraordinary transparency, by international standards, with a significant proportion of Monégasque nationals present.

4 Results of the ballot

20. The results of the ballot (see Appendix II) produced a parliament composed of members of two of the three lists that ran in the elections, with UMP obtaining 21 out of the 24 seats and REPM getting three seats.

5 Conclusions

21. The ad hoc committee agreed that, given the particular situation of Monaco, the election was largely in line with Council of Europe electoral standards. The Electoral Commission conducted its work in an impartial and professional manner, displaying great transparency and efficiency.
22. The ad hoc committee considers that the results of the elections are indicative of massive support by the Monégasques for the reforms conducted by the state. This should encourage the authorities to continue working towards full implementation of Monaco’s commitments vis-à-vis the Council of Europe, including the ratification of the First Additional Protocol to the ECHR.
23. The ad hoc committee is confident that these elections mark an important milestone along the road of Monaco’s further integration into the Council of Europe.

6 Recommendations

24. While no problems have been reported concerning media behaviour, the Monégasque authorities should consider introducing new media legislation that would, inter alia, specifically address media behaviour during the electoral campaign.
25. The ad hoc committee reiterates the Assembly recommendation inviting the Monégasque authorities to reflect on the need to adopt a law on political parties, not least with a view to ensuring the transparency of party funding.

Appendix 1 – Monaco elections were free and fair, say Assembly observers, Strasbourg, 4 February 2008

Strasbourg, 04.02.2008 – The 3 February 2008 parliamentary elections in Monaco were free and fair. They were well organised and their result is a true expression of the will of the electorate, concluded a five-member, cross-party delegation of observers from the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE).

The delegation was impressed with the high voter turnout of 77 per cent, which testifies to the confidence of Monegasques that every vote counts. This public mood bodes well for the future of representative democracy in this particular constitutional monarchy.

The elections were competitive: the electorate was able to choose from three lists reflecting various shades and colours of the political spectrum. The elections set a good example for the Council of Europe in terms of holding free, fair and well administered elections.

The Office of the Mayor of Monaco, in its capacity of election administrator, has done a commendable job in awareness-raising in the run-up to the elections. The vote-count was an exercise in efficiency and unprecedented openness for all.

Naturally, even in good elections there is always scope for improvement. The early publication of political programmes would have ensured timely and full information for voters with regard to the political plans of the contestants. Public debates would have helped the electorate to acquire a better understanding of the three platforms.

On the whole, these elections marked a step forward towards Monaco’s full compliance with its obligations and commitments as a Council of Europe member state.

The delegation,Note led by Jaakko Laakso (Finland, UEL), was in Monaco at the invitation of Jean-Paul Proust, Minister of State of Monaco. It held discussions, among others, with the Minister of State, the Mayor of Monaco, representatives of the three lists of candidates, Monaco’s PACE delegation, and a cross-section of the media.

The delegation wishes to thank the offices of the Minister of State and the Mayor of Monaco, as well as the National Council, for their excellent co-operation in the organisation of the visit.

Appendix 2 – Results – National elections 2008

Registered

6 316

Voters

4 854

Turnout

76.85%

Blank

80

Invalid

124

First-past-the-post system

Elected

Lists

Number of votes

ROBILLON Jean-François

Union pour Monaco

2 403

FAUTRIER Catherine

Union pour Monaco

2 383

NOTARI Fabrice

Union pour Monaco

2 327

BORDERO Alexandre

Union pour Monaco

2 319

DITTLOT Michèle

Union pour Monaco

2 313

SVARA Pierre

Union pour Monaco

2 303

GARDETTO Jean-Charles S.

Union pour Monaco

2 300

SPILIOTIS-SAQUET Christophe

Union pour Monaco

2 279

VALERI Stéphane

Union pour Monaco

2 274

CLERISSI Philippe

Union pour Monaco

2 266

LORENZI Pierre

Union pour Monaco

2 261

POYARD-VATRICAN Anne

Union pour Monaco

2 256

BERTRAND Gérard

Union pour Monaco

2 247

BOCCONE-PAGES Brigitte

Union pour Monaco

2 241

BOUHNIK-LAVAGNA Sophie

Union pour Monaco

2 237

ROSE Guillaume

Union pour Monaco

2 221

Proportional representation

Elected

Lists

Number of votes

STEINER Christophe

Rassemblement et enjeux pour Monaco

1 838

BURINI Marc

Rassemblement et enjeux pour Monaco

1 798

NOUVION Laurent

Rassemblement et enjeux pour Monaco

1 793

MARQUET Bernard

Union pour Monaco

2 184

CELLARIO Claude

Union pour Monaco

2 167

MANZONE-SAQUET Nicole

Union pour Monaco

2 133

GUAZZONNE Eric

Union pour Monaco

2 120

MARQUET Roland

Union pour Monaco

2 101

Number of seats

List

Number of seats

Number of votes

Union pour Monaco

21

53 523

Rassemblement et enjeux pour Monaco

3

41 512

Monaco Ensemble

0

7 491

“Union Pour Monaco”

Candidates

Number of votes

Elected

ALESSANDRI Jessica

2 079

 

BATTAGLIA Maryse

2 067

 

BERTRAND Gérard

2 247

Elected

BOCCONE-PAGES Brigitte

2 241

Elected

BONNAL Isabelle

2 042

 

BORDERO Alexandre

2 319

Elected

BOUHNIK-LAVAGNA Sophie

2 237

Elected

CELLARIO Claude

2 167

Elected

CLERISSI Philippe

2 266

Elected

DITTLOT Michèle

2 313

Elected

FAUTRIER Catherine

2 383

Elected

GARDETTO Jean-Charles S.

2 300

Elected

GUAZZONNE Eric

2 120

Elected

LORENZI Pierre

2 261

Elected

MANZONE-SAQUET Nicole

2 133

Elected

MARQUET Bernard

2 184

Elected

MARQUET Roland

2 101

Elected

NOTARI Fabrice

2 327

Elected

POYARD-VATRICAN Anne

2 256

Elected

ROBILLON Jean-François

2 403

Elected

ROSE Guillaume

2 221

Elected

SPILIOTIS-SAQUET Christophe

2 279

Elected

SVARA Pierre

2 303

Elected

VALERI Stéphane

2 274

Elected

“Rassemblement et Enjeux pour Monaco”

Candidates

Number of votes

Elected

BARIA Guy

1 709

 

BERTI Christian

1 658

 

BLANCHY Jean-Baptiste

1 764

 

BOISSON Rainier

1 757

 

BURINI Marc

1 798

Elected

CROVETTO Bertrand

1 760

 

DICK Georges

1 673

 

ELENA Martine

1 689

 

FICINI Alain

1 722

 

FRESKO-ROLFO Béatrice

1 684

 

GRIMAUD-PALMERO Patricia

1 689

 

KERN-de MILLO TERRAZZANI Elodie

1 749

 

LIBERATORE-VITTORIOSO Anne

1 720

 

MAGNAN Guy

1 733

 

MULLOT Richard

1 790

 

NOGHES-MENIO Cristina

1 641

 

NOUVION Laurent

1 793

Elected

POYET Thierry

1 751

 

PRAT Bernard

1 720

 

ROSTICHER Claude

1 753

 

STEINER Christophe

1 838

Elected

TCHOBANIAN Joël

1 719

 

VACCAREZZA Claude

1 702

 

DE VEIGY-BROUSSE Géraldine

1 700

 

“Monaco Ensemble”

Candidates

Number of votes

Elected

AGLIARDI Claudine

378

 

BOERI Daniel

483

 

BOISSON Claude

654

 

DICK Pierre

398

 

FERREYROLLES Franck

429

 

FERREYROLLES Guy-Philippe

398

 

GENINAZZA-BACHÉ Martine

396

 

GIORDANO René

568

 

LE JOLIFF Audrey

437

 

L’HERBON DE LUSSATS Jean

395

 

LICARI Jean-Pierre

679

 

MARESCHI Gabrielle

392

 

NIGIONI Jean-Luc

583

 

RIT Jacques

830

 

WOOLLEY Patrice

471