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The progress of the Assembly’s monitoring procedure (June 2012 – September 2013)

Doc. 13304: collection of written amendments | Doc. 13304 | Final version

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ADraft Resolution

1The Parliamentary Assembly acknowledges the work carried out by the Committee on the Honouring of Obligations and Commitments by Member States of the Council of Europe (Monitoring Committee) in fulfilling its mandate as defined in Resolution 1115 (1997) and modified by Resolutions 1431 (2005), 1515 (2006), 1710 (2010) and 1936 (2013).
2In particular, the Assembly commends the committee on its action in accompanying 10 countries under specific monitoring (Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova, Montenegro, the Russian Federation, Serbia and Ukraine), and four countries engaged in a post-monitoring dialogue (Bulgaria, Monaco, “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and Turkey) in their efforts to fully comply with the obligations and commitments they entered into upon accession to the Council of Europe.
3Furthermore, the Assembly expresses its satisfaction at the new approach adopted by the committee in the progress report with respect to the monitoring of the 33 member States which are not under a specific procedure, regarding their compliance with the statutory obligations they entered into upon accession; it encourages the committee to pursue its reflection on possible ways to increase the efficiency and impact of its monitoring of these countries with regard to the respect for democracy and the rule of law and the protection of human rights.
4Moreover, the Assembly takes note of the committee’s continued work on the consequences of the war between Georgia and Russia and regrets that, despite the announced intention by the co-rapporteurs on the Russian Federation and on Georgia to visit Moscow, Tbilisi, Tskhinvali and Sukhumi during a joint mission led by the Chair of the committee, only the visit to Moscow and Tbilisi took place, in May 2013, due to the rejection of this initiative by the de facto authorities of the breakaway regions. The Assembly endorses the committee’s decision to closely follow developments with regard to the consequences of the war and engage in a dialogue with the de facto authorities in Sukhumi and Tskhinvali without status-related preconditions, if it receives signals that such a wish for dialogue exists.

30 September 2013

Tabled by Mr Vyacheslav FETISOV, Mr Valeriy SUDARENKOV, Mr Guennady GORBUNOV, Mr Yury SHAMKOV, Mr Evgeny TARLO, Mr Leonid SLUTSKIY

Votes: 27 in favor 83 against 7 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 4, replace the words "de facto authorities of the breakaway regions" with the following words: "authorities of Abkhazia and South Ossetia".

30 September 2013

Tabled by Mr Vyacheslav FETISOV, Mr Valeriy SUDARENKOV, Mr Guennady GORBUNOV, Mr Yury SHAMKOV, Mr Evgeny TARLO, Mr Leonid SLUTSKIY

Votes: 23 in favor 85 against 8 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 4, replace the words "de facto authorities in Sukhumi and Tskhinvali" with the following words: "authorities of Abkhazia and South Ossetia".

5The Assembly notes with satisfaction that the committee accomplished its task of preparing a written opinion on the motion for a resolution on “Serious setbacks in the fields of the rule of law and human rights in Hungary”, and submitted it, in accordance with the Rules of Procedure, to the Bureau of the Assembly, thus enabling the Assembly to hold a debate on the subject.
6During the reporting period, the committee produced full monitoring reports on Montenegro, the Russian Federation, Azerbaijan and the Republic of Moldova, and reports on post-monitoring dialogue with Bulgaria, Turkey and “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”. The committee approved a preliminary draft report on the post-monitoring dialogue with Monaco and transmitted it to the authorities for comments, which were subsequently considered by the committee. The committee also approved a report on the functioning of democratic institutions in Bosnia and Herzegovina in September 2013.
7The respective rapporteurs carried out fact-finding visits to: Albania, Azerbaijan (3 visits), Bosnia-Herzegovina (2 visits), Georgia (2 visits), the Republic of Moldova, the Russian Federation (2 visits), Ukraine, Bulgaria, Monaco, “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, Turkey (2 visits), Montenegro and Hungary. The rapporteur on Bulgaria and the co-rapporteurs on Hungary paid visits to the European Commission in Brussels. The respective rapporteurs also participated in the pre-electoral and/or electoral missions to the following countries: Armenia, Georgia, Montenegro, Ukraine, Bulgaria and Monaco.
8The respective co-rapporteurs also submitted information notes on Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Georgia; these were declassified by the committee.
9In the framework of the preparation of reports on specific countries, during the reporting period, the committee requested the legal expertise of the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission) with regard to legal acts in Azerbaijan, Hungary, Georgia, Monaco, “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, Ukraine and the Russian Federation. In June 2012, it held an exchange of views with the President of the Venice Commission, Mr Gianni Buquicchio, and the Director, Mr Thomas Markert.
10The committee organised a hearing on frozen conflicts in the framework of its meeting in Tallinn in May 2013, conceived as a follow-up to the hearing held in Berlin in 2007, with the participation of experts on Abkhazia and South Ossetia, on Nagorno-Karabakh and on Transnistria.
11Furthermore, the committee held an exchange of views with Ms Ursula Gacek, Chair of the Committee of Ministers’ Group of Rapporteurs on Democracy (GR-DEM), on possible ways to enhance co-operation, and continued its reflection on this subject at subsequent meetings. The committee also held an exchange of views with Mr Thorbjørn Jagland, Secretary General of the Council of Europe, during the reporting period.
12The committee held an exchange of views with the participation of Mr Štefan Füle, European Commissioner on European Union Enlargement and Neighbourhood Policy.
13The Assembly expresses its satisfaction at some positive developments in a number of countries under the monitoring or post-monitoring procedure over the reporting period. It welcomes, in particular: in Albania, the improved co-operation between the ruling party and the opposition, which has allowed for a number of important laws and reforms that needed a two-thirds majority to be passed in parliament; in Armenia, the presidential election, which, according to the international observers’ assessment, was well administered with respect for fundamental freedoms and constituted a clear improvement in the electoral process in the country; in Montenegro, the substantial progress made since 2010 towards the fulfilment of its remaining obligations and commitments towards the Council of Europe and in particular ratification of 83 conventions and adoption of many laws and constitutional amendments in the field of the rule of law, democracy and human rights; in Ukraine, the continuing efforts displayed by the Ukrainian authorities to reform the judiciary, as well as the release of Mr Yuri Lutsenko following a presidential pardon; in Bulgaria, the substantial progress made towards the fulfilment of its remaining obligations; in Turkey, a process of major reform which is taking place against a complex background of political transition involving the judiciary and the army, and progress in bringing the legislation into line with the European Convention on Human Rights (ETS No. 5), the resumption of talks by the authorities with a view to finding a political solution to the Kurdish question and promoting the cultural and linguistic rights of the Kurds.

30 September 2013

Tabled by Mr Tedo JAPARIDZE, Mr Levan BERDZENISHVILI, Mr Irakli CHIKOVANI, Ms Tinatin KHIDASHELI, Ms Guguli MAGRADZE

Votes: 89 in favor 28 against 7 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 13, after the words "following a presidential pardon;" insert the following words: "in Georgia, the peaceful constitutional transfer of power and the emergence of a genuine pluralistic and democratic framework following the 2012 parliamentary elections, a mark of the substantial progress made in the implementation of legal reforms and policies cutting across judiciary, criminal law, labor law and human rights, including the new strategy of friendly settlements launched by the Government to relieve the European Court of Human Rights from the caseload coming from Georgia."

Explanatory note

There are some positive developments in Georgia, which are not mentioned in paragraph 13 among the other countries.

In the draft resolution, at the end of paragraph 13, add the following words: "in the Russian Federation, the reduction of electoral threshold from 7% to 5%, the liberalization of political parties' registration procedure and the reduction of the number of their members required for registation, as well as the reduction of required signatures for presidential candidates from 2 million to 100 000 and exemption from collecting voter signatures during elections at other levels."

14At the same time, the Assembly expresses its concern about worrying developments in some of the countries under the monitoring procedure and post-monitoring dialogue. In particular: in Albania, with regard to the ineffective delivery of justice, discrimination against minorities and the social exclusion of Roma, as well as corruption and money laundering based on organised crime; in Azerbaijan, with regard to the lack of independence of the judiciary and restrictions on basic freedoms, including freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and freedom of association, as well as the reports about alleged political prisoners and alleged cases of torture and ill-treatment by the police; in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with regard to the lack of substantial constitutional reform which would enable the full functioning of democratic institutions, as well as the lack of progress in implementation of the judgment of the European Court of Human Rights (“the Court”) in the case of Sejdić and Finci; in Georgia, with regard to the difficult cohabitation and a number of arrests of leading members of the opposition and, more generally, the independence of the judiciary and the administration of justice; in the Republic of Moldova, with regard to the need for revision of Article 78 of the Constitution, insufficient efforts in the fight against corruption, the reform of the Prosecutor’s Office and the police, and the independence of the judiciary; in Montenegro, with regard to the need for further progress in five key areas, namely the judiciary, minority rights, the fight against corruption and organised crime, the media and the situation of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs); in the Russian Federation, with regard to a number of recently adopted laws restricting basic freedoms (the law on the criminalisation of defamation, on the Internet, on assemblies, on non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and on propaganda of homosexuality to minors), as well as serious concerns about politically motivated justice, reinforced by recent judgments against Mr Alexei Navalny and the late Mr Sergei Magnitsky; in Ukraine, with regard to the deficiencies of the judicial system and criminal proceedings initiated against a number of former government members on controversial charges; in Monaco, with regard to the tensions which characterised the electoral campaign and the outstanding reforms to be accomplished; in “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”, with regard to the division of the country across both political and ethnic lines and the implementation of remaining laws; in Turkey, with regard to the concerns about the Criminal Code, restrictions on freedom of expression and pre-trial detention, taking note of the progress in the aforementioned fields.

30 September 2013

Tabled by Mr Tedo JAPARIDZE, Mr Levan BERDZENISHVILI, Mr Irakli CHIKOVANI, Ms Tinatin KHIDASHELI, Ms Guguli MAGRADZE

If adopted, amendment 11 falls.

Votes: 18 in favor 97 against 7 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 14, replace the words "and a number of arrests of leading members of the opposition and, more generally, the independence of the judiciary and the administration of justice" with the following words: "against the background of a big number of law-suits which have been filed against former governmental officials".

Explanatory note

The reason of the difficult cohabitation is not the lack of judiciary or of admnistration of justice but a large number of law-suits against former governmental officials.

30 September 2013

Tabled by Ms Chiora TAKTAKISHVILI, Mr Gergely GULYÁS, Mr Giorgi KANDELAKI, Ms Lesia OROBETS, Ms Lolita ČIGĀNE, Mr Terry LEYDEN

Falls if amendment 2 is adopted.

Votes: 19 in favor 99 against 5 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 14, after the words "in Georgia, with regard to the difficult cohabitation and a number of arrests of leading members of the oppostion and, more generally, the independence of the judiciary", replace the words "and the administration of justice" with the following words: ", and the selective application of justice, including the massive interrogations and the controversial pre-trial detention of the leading members of the opposition."

30 September 2013

Tabled by Mr Vyacheslav FETISOV, Mr Valeriy SUDARENKOV, Mr Guennady GORBUNOV, Mr Yury SHAMKOV, Mr Evgeny TARLO, Mr Leonid SLUTSKIY

Votes: 34 in favor 86 against 3 abstentions

In the draft resolution, in paragraph 14, delete the words "as well as serious concerns about politically motivated justice, reinforced by recent judgments against Mr Alexei Navalny and the late Mr Sergei Magnitsky".

In the draft resolution, paragraph 14, after the words, "in the Russian Federation, with regard to a number of recently adopted laws restricting basic freedoms (the law on the criminalisation of defamation, on the Internet, on assemblies, on non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and on propaganda of homosexuality to minors), as well as serious concerns about politically motivated justice, reinforced by recent judgments against Mr Alexei Navalny and the late Mr Sergei Magnitsky", insert the following words: "and the non-implementation of the resolutions on the consequences of the war between Georgia and Russia (Resolutions 1633, 1647 and 1683)."

Explanatory note

The Parliamentary Assembly and its Monitoring Comittee have documented the non-implementation of the resolution on the consequences of the war between Georgia and Russia by the Russian Federation and it should be mentioned.

15With respect to the countries which are not subject to the monitoring procedure stricto sensu, the Assembly expresses its concern that a number of these countries have not signed and/or ratified some major Council of Europe conventions, thus preventing convention mechanisms attached to them from monitoring their implementation.
16Furthermore, the Assembly is concerned about worrying developments in some of these countries with regard to the situation of Roma, in particular Roma segregation, including segregation of Roma children in schools in the Czech Republic; the lack of personal identity or citizenship documents of many Roma in Croatia; the evictions of Roma travellers in France, Italy and the United Kingdom; forced repatriations to Kosovo** All reference to Kosovo, whether to the territory, institutions or population, in this text shall be understood in full compliance with United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 and without prejudice to the status of Kosovo. from Germany; the precarious situation of stateless Roma in the Netherlands; social exclusion, including segregation in schools and various forms of discrimination, in Portugal, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia; and insufficient Roma integration policies in Spain;
17Other problems in some of these countries have been identified by different Council of Europe monitoring mechanisms: in Andorra, indirect discrimination in employment based on citizenship and the government’s reluctance to enact comprehensive legislation against racism and discrimination; in Austria, some concerns with regard to the rights of asylum-seekers, women and persons with disabilities; in Belgium, Greece and France, restrictions on defenders of migrants’ rights; in Denmark, discrimination in employment, education and housing, as well as restrictive rules for spousal reunification; in Estonia, the unemployment rate among non-Estonians is still disproportionately high compared to that of ethnic Estonians; in Greece, hate crimes targeting migrants as well as incidents of State violence against migrants and refugees; in Ireland, insufficient rights for asylum-seekers; in Liechtenstein, unsatisfactory legislation on foreigners and administrative legal framework aimed at combating racial discrimination in all fields of life; in Malta, the increasing number of incidents of State violence against migrants and refugees; in Poland, the increased number of racially motivated offences; in the Slovak Republic, the lack of adequate policies with respect to the integration of refugees; in Switzerland, the growth of racist political discourse against non-citizens and insufficiently developed legislation to deal with direct racial discrimination.

30 September 2013

Tabled by Mr Vyacheslav FETISOV, Mr Valeriy SUDARENKOV, Mr Guennady GORBUNOV, Mr Yury SHAMKOV, Mr Evgeny TARLO, Mr Leonid SLUTSKIY

Votes: 46 in favor 72 against 3 abstentions

In the draft resolution, in paragraph 17, after the words "non-Estonians" insert the following words: "and non-citizens,".

18The Assembly expresses its concern that a number of these countries, including Greece, Italy, Poland and Romania, face major structural problems leading to delays in the execution of judgments of the European Court of Human Rights.
19Moreover, with respect to this group of countries, the Assembly is concerned by the conclusions of the third round compliance reports on the implementation of the Civil Law Convention on Corruption (ETS No. 174) and the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption (ETS No. 173) and its Additional Protocol (ETS No. 191). It is particularly worrying that the degree of compliance with the recommendations of the Council of Europe’s Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) is considered “globally unsatisfactory” in the case of the Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, the Netherlands, Portugal, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia.
20Consequently, the Assembly urges all countries which remain under the specific monitoring procedure or are engaged in a post-monitoring dialogue to fulfil the remaining obligations and commitments entered into upon on accession to the Council of Europe, and in particular it calls on:
20.1the Parliament of Albania to pursue work on reform and step up efforts to improve co-operation between the ruling party and the opposition;
20.2the Parliament and the authorities of Azerbaijan to create conditions which would allow for a fair electoral campaign and presidential election, in compliance with democratic standards;
20.3the Parliament of Bosnia and Herzegovina to carry out a substantial constitutional reform which would allow the country to become a fully functioning democracy; to revise the Constitution and electoral legislation with a view to eliminating ethnicity-based limitations on the right to stand for office, in order to comply with the standards of the European Convention on Human Rights; to implement the Sejdi and Findic judgment of the European Court of Human Rights; to introduce reforms in the judiciary, the fight against corruption and regarding governance;
20.4the authorities of Georgia to ensure that the legal proceedings against former government officials, including the former Prime Minister and the former Minister of Health, are conducted transparently and in full compliance with Georgia’s obligations under Articles 5 and 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights;

30 September 2013

Tabled by Mr Tedo JAPARIDZE, Mr Levan BERDZENISHVILI, Mr Irakli CHIKOVANI, Ms Tinatin KHIDASHELI, Ms Guguli MAGRADZE

Votes: 14 in favor 95 against 10 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 20.4, after the words: "Georgia to ensure", insert the following words: "in the future as well", and after the words "are conducted transparently", insert the following words: "in accordance with the rule of law".

In the draft resolution, paragraph 20.4, after the words "the former Minister of Health", insert the following words: "and the Minister of Defense".

Explanatory note

The prominent former government officials under criminal investigations include the former Minister of Defense. The Assembly should stress that the legal proceedings should be in accordance with the European Convention, also with regards of the former Minister of Defense, currently under arrest.

20.5the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova to pursue the reform process, including the necessary revision of the Constitution;
20.6the Parliament of Montenegro to make further progress, in five key areas, namely the judiciary, minority rights, the fight against corruption and organised crime, the media and the situation of refugees and internally displaced persons;
20.7the Parliament of the Russian Federation to revise controversial laws adopted recently, in particular the law on the criminalisation of defamation, on Internet, on assemblies, on NGOs (law “on foreign agents”) and on the propaganda of homosexuality to minors; to ensure that the executive authorities refrain from exercising influence on the judiciary;
20.8the authorities of Ukraine to implement the newly adopted laws and strategies in order to ensure an independent and impartial judiciary that fully respects the principles of the rule of law, and to use available legal means to release Ms Yulia Timoshenko given that the judicial procedure leading to her conviction has raised heavy criticism;
20.9the National Council of Monaco to adopt the legislation recommended by the Parliamentary Assembly in 2009 in its Resolution 1690 (2009);
20.10the Parliament of Turkey to continue its reform programme, such as further reform of the Constitution and continued revision of the Criminal Code, as well as to ensure progress on freedom of expression, pre-trial detention, local and regional decentralisation and resolving the Kurdish question, taking note of the ongoing reconciliation process.
21With respect to the honouring of obligations by the countries which are not subject to the monitoring procedure stricto sensu, the Assembly calls on:
21.1Andorra, Belgium, Estonia, Greece, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Portugal and San Marino to sign and ratify, and France, Iceland, Italy and Malta to ratify the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ETS No. 148);
21.2Andorra and France to sign and ratify, and Belgium, Greece, Iceland and Luxembourg to ratify the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (ETS No. 157);
21.3the Czech Republic and Liechtenstein to sign and ratify, and Estonia and Greece to ratify the Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (CETS No. 197);
21.4Denmark, France, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom to sign and ratify, and Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Norway, Portugal and the Slovak Republic to ratify Protocol No. 12 to the European Convention on Human Rights (ETS No. 177) concerning the fight against discrimination;
21.5Switzerland to ratify Protocol No. 1 to the European Convention on Human Rights (ETS No. 9), adding the right to peaceful enjoyment of property, the right to education and the right to free elections by secret ballot to the fundamental rights protected by the Convention;
21.6Liechtenstein and Switzerland to sign and ratify, and Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Luxembourg, Poland, San Marino, Spain and the United Kingdom to ratify the European Social Charter (revised) (ETS No. 163);
21.7Andorra, Austria, Denmark, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Poland, Romania, San Marino, the Slovak Republic, Spain, Switzerland and the United Kingdom to sign and/or ratify the Additional Protocol to the European Social Charter Providing for a System of Collective Complaints (ETS No. 158) or to accept the complaints procedure pursuant to Article D.2 of the European Social Charter (revised), as the case may be;
21.8Liechtenstein, Portugal, San Marino and Switzerland to sign and ratify, and Andorra, Denmark, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg and the United Kingdom to ratify the Civil Law Convention on Corruption;
21.9Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein and San Marino to ratify the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption;
21.10 Andorra, the Czech Republic, Germany, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Norway, Switzerland and the United Kingdom to sign and ratify, and Austria, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg and Sweden to ratify the Convention on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Confiscation of the Proceeds from Crime and on the Financing of Terrorism;
21.11the Parliaments of Greece, Italy, Poland and Romania to promote progress in the implementation of judgments of the European Court of Human Rights, and to initiate legislative changes aimed at eliminating structural problems leading to repeated violations of the European Convention on Human Rights.
22Furthermore, the Assembly urges these countries to fully comply with recommendations made by the respective monitoring mechanisms of the Council of Europe, and in particular calls on:
22.1the Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain and the United Kingdom to undertake the necessary measures to remedy the situation of Roma, eliminate their social exclusion and educational segregation, as well as all forms of discrimination, to enhance integration policies and to refrain from forced evictions and repatriations;
22.2Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Greece, France, Denmark, Estonia, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Malta, the Slovak Republic and Switzerland to eliminate, where appropriate, all forms of discrimination identified by the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) and the monitoring mechanism of the Framework Convention on the Protection of Minorities;
22.3Greece, Italy, Poland and Romania to eliminate major structural problems leading to delays in the execution of judgments of the European Court of Human Rights;
22.4the Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, the Netherlands, Portugal, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia to step up efforts – which so far have been considered “globally unsatisfactory” – to comply with recommendations of the Council of Europe’s Group of States against Corruption (GRECO).

30 September 2013

Tabled by Mr Vyacheslav FETISOV, Mr Valeriy SUDARENKOV, Mr Guennady GORBUNOV, Mr Yury SHAMKOV, Mr Evgeny TARLO, Mr Leonid SLUTSKIY

Votes: 39 in favor 73 against 7 abstentions

In the draft resolution, after paragraph 22.4, insert the following paragraph:

"Estonia and Latvia to undertake measures to eliminate statelessness, in accordance with the recommendations of the Commissioner for Human Rights of the Council of Europe".

23The Assembly stresses the importance it attaches to the full independence of rapporteurs on the monitoring of obligations and commitments and the political neutrality of the Monitoring Committee in accomplishing their work.
24The Assembly commends the remarkable work carried out by the Council of Europe monitoring mechanisms, and the acquis they have established over the years. It also welcomes the initiative by the Secretary General of the Council of Europe to launch a process of reflection on the monitoring procedures in the intergovernmental sector of the Organisation, aimed at strengthening and improving co-operation between the different monitoring mechanisms.
25The Assembly resolves to pursue a more general reflection on ways to enhance the efficiency and the impact of the Assembly monitoring procedures with regard to all Council of Europe member States and takes note of the intention of the Monitoring Committee to establish a working group tasked with the preparation of concrete proposals in this respect.

BDraft Recommendation

1The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe refers to its Resolution … (2013) on the progress of the Assembly’s monitoring procedure, in which it resolves to pursue a more general reflection on ways to enhance the efficiency and the impact of the Assembly monitoring procedures with regard to all Council of Europe member States.
2Enhanced co-operation and increased synergy between the Assembly and the Committee of Ministers may largely contribute to improving coherence and strategies in the area of monitoring the obligations and commitments entered into by all members upon accession to the Council of Europe, thus strengthening and improving the procedure. The Assembly commends the remarkable work carried out by the Council of Europe monitoring mechanisms, and the acquis they have established over the years.