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Preventing the radicalisation of children by fighting the root causes

Doc. 14010: collection of written amendments | Doc. 14010 | 19/04/2016 | Revised version

Caption: AdoptedRejectedWithdrawnNo electronic votes

ADraft Resolution

1The phenomenon of “home-grown” Islamist radicalisation has seen a significant increase in recent years. Young people, including many minors, sensitive to ideological discourse and the apparent “sense of social purpose” offered to them by radical Islamist organisations, are drawn into extremist movements involved in violent conflict, for example in Syria and Iraq, and carrying out terrorist acts, including in Europe.

In the draft resolution, before paragraph 1, insert the following paragraph:

"The radicalisation of young people is not a new phenomenon: children and young people, building their identity and looking for a sense of purpose, are more likely to be attracted to radical ideas and movements of different types (political, ideological or religious) than people in other age groups. Some of those radicalised turn to violence, with nefarious consequences, as history has shown."

In the draft resolution, paragraph 1, first sentence, delete the word "Islamist"

Explanatory note

The report should not focus only on Islamic radicalisation as "radicalisation in all forms" constitutes a direct threat to the society. The latest events in Europe and the Middle East should not change the scope of the fight against radicalisation. We should bear in mind that the latest terrorist attacks against civilians in Ankara perpetrated by the terrorist group PKK are also barbarous attacks and should be condemned by all means.

In the draft resolution, paragraph 1, second sentence, replace the word "Islamist" with the word "religious"

Explanatory note

The report should not focus only on Islamic radicalisation as "radicalisation in all forms" constitutes a direct threat to the society. The latest events in Europe and the Middle East should not change the scope of the fight against radicalisation. We should bear in mind that the latest terrorist attacks against civilians in Ankara perpetrated by the terrorist group PKK are also barbarous attacks and should be condemned by all means.

2The Parliamentary Assembly is very concerned about these developments. It believes that prevention is key. Preventing children and young people from turning to extremist movements must start at an early age when values and beliefs are formed. Prevention, deradicalisation and rehabilitation strategies must target the individual in his or her specific context, be comprehensive and based on multi-agency local partnerships.
3Hate speech, Islamophobia and discrimination against young people of Muslim background or Muslim communities as such (including refugees arriving in Europe) reinforce religious radicalisation. Whilst the European response to terrorist activities must be provided in a highly targeted manner by specialised agencies, including information services, the judiciary and law-enforcement services, the endogenous root causes should be tackled at the national and in particular the local level, in the daily living environment of children and young people. Relevant strategies need to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms in order to avoid inciting further resentment.

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Culture, Science, Education and Media

Votes: 41 in favor 42 against 7 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 3, first sentence, replace the words "Muslim background or Muslim communities" with the following words: "different backgrounds or faith communities".

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Equality and Non-Discrimination

In the draft resolution, paragraph 3, first sentence, replace the words "reinforce religious radicalisation" with the following words: "promote exclusion and may further reinforce religious radicalisation of children and young people".

In the draft resolution, paragraph 3, after the second sentence insert the following sentence: "One of the main challenges is to prevent their social exclusion from the very start to ensure that they enjoy full and equal access to decent living standards and social rights, including education and training."

19 April 2016

Tabled by Mr Valeriu GHILETCHI, Mr Titus CORLĂŢEAN, Mr Egidijus VAREIKIS, Mr Serhii SOBOLIEV, Ms Olena SOTNYK

Votes: 78 in favor 3 against 7 abstentions

In the draft resolution, after paragraph 3, insert the following paragraph:

"The Parliamentary Assembly recognises that religious belief and faith serve hugely important roles in the lives of countless citizens across the member States and add to pluralism and diversity in our society, and in that regard further recalls the rights enshrined in Article 9 and Article 2 of Protocol no. 1 of the European Convention on Human Rights. The Parliamentary Assembly reaffirms that the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion is inherent to any true conception of a democratic society, therefore in taking action to counter the most ideologically extreme views which incite violence and directly put others' lives in danger, member States' authorities must ensure that they respect the rights of those holding religious beliefs and accordingly do not act in a manner which unduly infringes on and interferes with citizens' rights to express and manifest their religious beliefs which fall short of incitement to violence and endangerment of the lives of others."

4In the light of these concerns, the Parliamentary Assembly calls on the Council of Europe member States to:
4.1as regards social inclusion via education and training:
4.1.1provide all children and young people with equal opportunities, life perspectives and a sense of social purpose, as well as perspectives for social mobility;
4.1.2educate children and young people on democratic citizenship and European values such as respect and tolerance, including by encouraging child and youth participation;

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Culture, Science, Education and Media

Votes: 82 in favor 8 against 2 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 4.1.2, delete the following words: "such as respect and tolerance".

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Culture, Science, Education and Media

Votes: 93 in favor 1 against 1 abstention

In the draft resolution, at the end of paragraph 4.1.2, add the following words: "in public and in particular school life".

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Equality and Non-Discrimination

In the draft resolution, at the end of paragraph 4.1.2, add the following words: "and give them the tools to take a critical approach to information and to reflect carefully about what they read and are told".

In the draft resolution, after paragraph 4.1.2, insert the following paragraph:

"implement specific measures to make schools safe and free from bullying and other manifestations of prejudice, discrimination, segregation, and all forms of violence."

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Equality and Non-Discrimination

Votes: 82 in favor 3 against 7 abstentions

In the draft resolution, after paragraph 4.1.2, insert the following paragraph:

"develop the teaching of history of religious issues by insisting on the peace-oriented dimension of religions, and in parallel raising awareness of teachers and expanding the curriculum in this area".

4.2as regards targeted strategies:
4.2.1support dedicated institutions and civil society organisations, appoint local reference persons and develop targeted programmes for prevention, deradicalisation and rehabilitation purposes, including gender-specific approaches;

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Equality and Non-Discrimination

In the draft resolution, paragraph 4.2.1, after the word "support", insert the following words: "families of radicalised young people as well as".

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Equality and Non-Discrimination

In the draft resolution, at the end of paragraph 4.2.1, add the following words: "so as to take account of the growing number of radicalised girls and women".

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Equality and Non-Discrimination

Votes: 90 in favor 0 against 2 abstentions

In the draft resolution, after paragraph 4.2.1, insert the following paragraph:

"develop counter-narratives based on the accounts of persons who have left extremist or terrorist movements;".

4.2.2offer specific training for all parties involved (law enforcement, social workers, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), families), providing them with the tools for preventing the (further) radicalisation of at-risk children;

19 April 2016

Tabled by Mr Talip KÜÇÜKCAN, Mr Mehmet BABAOĞLU, Mr Ekmeleddin Mehmet İHSANOĞLU, Mr Haluk KOÇ, Ms Serap YAŞAR, Mr Rovshan RZAYEV

Votes: 81 in favor 6 against 3 abstentions

In the draft resolution, after paragraph 4.2.2, insert the following paragraph:

"conduct public awareness campaigns and create specific programs for government officials to combat Islamophobia;"

Explanatory note

While we are aiming to create special training for law enforcement officials, we should also create specific programs for government officials to combat Islamophobia. In combating radicalization of the youth, one of the important steps is combating Islamophobic attitudes.

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Equality and Non-Discrimination

Votes: 86 in favor 2 against 5 abstentions

In the draft resolution, after paragraph 4.2.2, insert the following paragraph:

"encourage mosques to take a stronger preventive approach, emphasising Islam as a peaceful religion, and to develop further their activities in the field of prevention, particularly with young people and as regards the representation of Islam on the internet;".

4.2.3actively support the deradicalisation of young people leaving extremist movements, facilitating their rehabilitation to prevent them from being used as “multipliers” for terrorist causes;
4.2.4implement specific programmes for young people in prisons;
4.2.5promote multi-stakeholder partnerships building on mutual trust, with clear “firewalls” between reporting and supporting services;

19 April 2016

Tabled by Mr Talip KÜÇÜKCAN, Mr Mehmet BABAOĞLU, Mr Ekmeleddin Mehmet İHSANOĞLU, Mr Haluk KOÇ, Ms Serap YAŞAR, Mr Rovshan RZAYEV

Votes: 58 in favor 12 against 19 abstentions

In the draft resolution, after paragraph 4.2.5, insert the following paragraph:

"record, monitor and maintain reliable information and statistics about Islamophobic hate crimes committed within the state and make such reports publicly available;"

Explanatory note

We should have a reliable database upon which we will base our strategies to combat radicalization and hate speech.

4.3as regards urban policies, invest in improving disadvantaged neighbourhoods and their social infrastructure;

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Culture, Science, Education and Media

Votes: 69 in favor 5 against 19 abstentions

In the draft resolution, at the end of paragraph 4.3, add the following words: "and, in particular, ensure implementation of the Recommendation CM/Rec(2015)3 of the Committee of Ministers to member States on the access of young people from disadvantaged neighbourhoods to social rights."

4.4as regards social action and dialogue more generally:
4.4.1facilitate the dialogue between religious communities and families to identify children and young people at risk and to foster mutual understanding and respect between religions;

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Equality and Non-Discrimination

Votes: 87 in favor 1 against 6 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 4.4.1, after the words "mutual understanding and respect between", insert the following words: "and within"

4.4.2develop campaigns and targeted measures against Islamophobia and other forms of hate speech which may further reinforce vicious circles of discrimination and the mistrust between political and religious systems that fuel extremism;

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Equality and Non-Discrimination

Votes: 80 in favor 4 against 6 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 4.4.2, before the word "campaigns", insert the following words: "awareness-raising and prevention"

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Culture, Science, Education and Media

Votes: 83 in favor 3 against 7 abstentions

In the draft resolution, after paragraph 4.4.2, insert the following paragraph:

"support the work of the associations of victims of terrorism and of other civil society organisations aimed at raising awareness of children and young people about the danger of radicalisation."

4.5as regards safer Internet policies:

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Culture, Science, Education and Media

Votes: 89 in favor 1 against 6 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 4.5, replace the words "safer Internet" with the following words: "safer media and Internet".

4.5.1encourage families and schools to educate children on Internet use in order to make them aware of extremist content and critical of the manipulative methods used by radical organisations;

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Culture, Science, Education and Media

Votes: 80 in favor 0 against 3 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 4.5.1, after the words "content and" insert the following words "to be".

19 April 2016

Tabled by Mr Talip KÜÇÜKCAN, Mr Mehmet BABAOĞLU, Mr Ekmeleddin Mehmet İHSANOĞLU, Mr Haluk KOÇ, Ms Serap YAŞAR, Mr Rovshan RZAYEV

Votes: 79 in favor 2 against 10 abstentions

In the draft resolution, after paragraph 4.5.1, insert the following paragraph:

"take legal measures to combat Islamophobic hate crimes, which can be fueled by Islamophobic hate speech on social media;"

Explanatory note

While education of children is highly important in order to prevent our children from extremist content in using of social media, we should also need essential legal measures to combat with hate speech on social media.

4.5.2fight the dissemination of radical propaganda and hate speech via the Internet, social media and other communication technologies by reinforcing alert mechanisms;

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Culture, Science, Education and Media

Votes: 85 in favor 2 against 9 abstentions

In the draft resolution, after paragraph 4.5.2, insert the following paragraph:

"prohibit by law, in accordance with Article 20 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, any incitement to violence, in particular through the media."

4.6as regards law enforcement and intelligence services, create systems to identify and facilitate the exchange of information on radicalised persons and convicted offenders in order to monitor their movements across European borders and prevent future crimes, while respecting their human rights and fundamental freedoms.
5The Assembly further invites member States to:
5.1sign, ratify and implement, if they have not yet done so, the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism (CETS No. 196) and its Additional Protocol (CETS No. 217);
5.2support and implement the Council of Europe Action Plan on “The fight against violent extremism and radicalisation leading to terrorism (2015-2017)”, the Guidelines for prison and probation services regarding radicalisation and violent extremism adopted by the Committee of Ministers in March 2016, as well as the Council of Europe Strategy for the Rights of the Child (2016–2021) to be launched in April 2016, which also aims at preventing the radicalisation of children;
5.3exchange information and good practice with regard to the best strategies and tools aimed at preventing radicalisation, deradicalising young people concerned and rehabilitating returnees from foreign conflicts and extremist organisations.

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Culture, Science, Education and Media

Votes: 89 in favor 0 against 5 abstentions

In the draft resolution, after paragraph 5, add the following paragraph: "The Assembly urges religious leaders to enhance efforts to prevent young people from becoming an instrument of violence and terror."

19 April 2016

Tabled by the Committee on Social Affairs, Health and Sustainable Development

Votes: 94 in favor 0 against 3 abstentions

In the title of the draft resolution, after the word "children", insert the following words: "and young people"