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The progress of the Assembly's monitoring procedure (January-December 2018) and the periodic review of the honouring of obligations by Iceland and Italy

Doc. 14792: collection of written amendments | Doc. 14792 | 24/01/2019 | Final version

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ADraft Resolution

1The Parliamentary Assembly acknowledges the work carried out by the Committee on the Honouring of Obligations and Commitments by Member States of the Council of Europe (Monitoring Committee) in fulfilling its mandate as defined in Resolution 1115 (1997) on the setting up of an Assembly committee on the honouring of obligations and commitments by member States of the Council of Europe (monitoring committee) (as modified by Resolution 1431 (2005), Resolution 1515 (2006), Resolution 1689 (2009), Resolution 1710 (2010), Resolution 1936 (2013) and Resolution 2018 (2014)). It commends the committee on its work in accompanying the 10 countries under a full monitoring procedure (Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, the Republic of Moldova, the Russian Federation, Serbia, Turkey and Ukraine), and the three countries engaged in a post-monitoring dialogue (Bulgaria, Montenegro and “the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”) in their efforts to fully comply with the obligations and commitments they entered into upon accession to the Council of Europe, as well as the monitoring of the membership obligations of all other member States through its periodic review process.
2The Assembly deplores that in 2018 the co-rapporteurs for the monitoring procedure were once again unable to visit the Russian Federation due to the boycott by the Russian delegation of the work of the Assembly. It recalls in this context that co-operation with the monitoring procedure is an explicit accession commitment of the country.
3The Assembly comments the Sub-Committee on Conflicts between Council of Europe Member States for the work it has undertaken.
4The Assembly welcomes the positive developments and the progress made during the reporting period in a number of countries under a monitoring procedure or engaged in a post-monitoring dialogue. In particular in:
4.1Albania: the continuing efforts to reform the justice system, especially through the ongoing vetting process of judges and prosecutors;

24 January 2019

Tabled by Mr Tritan SHEHU, Mr Emanuelis ZINGERIS, Mr Kęstutis MASIULIS, Mr Andrzej HALICKI, Mr Cezar Florin PREDA

Votes: 12 in favor 48 against 14 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 4.1, after the words "judges and prosecutors", add the words "and the decriminalisation of state institutions".

4.2Armenia: the ability to manage a change of power in a peaceful manner and in line with the provisions of the new Constitution;
4.3Azerbaijan: the release of Mr Ilgar Mammadov, leader of the opposition civic movement ReAl while regretting that the remaining part of the original sentence, which was based on an unfair trial, was replaced by a two-year probation period without the right to leave Azerbaijan;
4.4Georgia: the ongoing implementation of the new constitutional framework and the drafting, in an inclusive manner, of new Rules of Procedure for the Georgian Parliament, with a view to strengthening parliamentary oversight over the executive, as well as the role of the opposition in that process;
4.5the Republic of Moldova: the recent initiatives taken to combat domestic violence, including the introduction of restriction orders on perpetrators of violence; the progress achieved in the Transnistrian settlement process;
4.6Turkey: the lifting of the state of emergency in July 2018;

In the draft resolution, at the end of paragraph 4.6, insert the following words: "and the withdrawal of the derogation from the European Convention on Human Rights".

Explanatory note

The withdrawal of the derogation from the European Convention on Human Rights is of direct and utmost relevance to the Council of Europe, and hence must be included in the resolution.

4.7Bulgaria: the adoption of a new law on Anti-Corruption and Forfeiture of Assets with extensive powers;
4.8Montenegro: the end of the parliamentary boycott by a significant number of political groups from the opposition;
4.9“The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia”: the signature of the Prespa Agreement to settle the “name issue” with Greece; the continuing requests by the authorities for the expertise of the European Commission for Democracy through Law (Venice Commission).

In the draft resolution, after paragraph 4.9, insert the following paragraph:

"Ukraine: the adoption of a law on a High Anti-Corruption Court and ongoing implementation of judicial reforms.".

5At the same time, the Assembly expresses its concern about developments and remaining shortcomings in a number of countries under a monitoring procedure or engaged in a post-monitoring dialogue, that undermine the democratic consolidation in those countries and are at odds with their obligations and accession commitments:
5.1Albania: the continuing polarisation between the main political parties and the still limited tangible results in the fight against organised crime, political corruption and State capture;
5.2Azerbaijan: the early presidential election that took place within a restrictive political environment and under laws that curtail fundamental rights and freedoms, which are prerequisites for genuine democratic elections; the continued detention of journalists, such as Mehmed Huseynov, and civil society activists on politically motivated charges;
5.3Bosnia and Herzegovina: the continued failure since 2009 to implement the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights related to ethnic- and residency-based limitations to the right to stand for elected offices; the continued failure to address the issue of segregation along ethnic and religious lines in education; the increasing incidence of disrespect for the rule of law and the reluctance or the refusal to abide by the decisions of the Constitutional Court or the State Court;
5.4Georgia: the continued polarised political climate and questions regarding the effectiveness of the prosecution service in politically sensitive cases;
5.5Republic of Moldova: the dubious invalidation of the early mayoral elections in Chișinău in June 2018 and the ongoing pressure exerted on all city counsellors which further undermine trust in the judiciary, as well as the persistence of a high level of corruption;
5.6the Russian Federation: the absence of an impartial and effective investigation into the persecution of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people in the Chechen Republic; the arson attack against the Memorial office in Ingushetia and the detention of the director of the Memorial field office in Grozny; the abduction and violent abuse, apparently by the Ingushetian police, of a human rights activist sent by Amnesty International to observe peaceful protests in Maga, Ingushetia; its military aggression against Ukrainian vessels in the Kerch Strait and Sea of Azov, which the Assembly condemns; in this respect the Assembly reiterates its strong support for Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, which includes the freedom to navigate freely and unhindered in its own territorial waters;

In the draft resolution, paragraph 5.6, after the words: "the Russian Federation:" insert the following words: "the ongoing military aggression against Ukraine in Donbas and the illegal occupation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol; absence of any progress in the release of Ukrainian political prisoners and captives in the Russian Federation, illegally annexed Crimea and occupied Donbass;".

In amendment 4, replace the word "occupation" with the word "annexation".

In the draft resolution, at the end of paragraph 5.6, add the following words: "the illegal works re-launched by the Russian Federation in the Tskhinvali region of Georgia with the aim of installing artificial barriers along the occupation line adjacent to the village of Atotsi, Georgia;"

Explanatory note

With this illegal action, the Russian Federation gravely violates human rights that cause inter alia deprivation of life, illegal detentions and kidnappings, and breaches the ban on movement across the occupation line. Such illegal actions aggravate the already tense security and grave human rights situation on the ground.

5.7Turkey: the undermining of the separation of powers and the independence of the judiciary, as a result of the adoption of constitutional amendments in 2017 that are not in line with European standards; the continuing concerns regarding freedom of the media; the pretrial detention of members of parliament following the lifting of their immunity in 2016; the repeated violations of freedom of expression and freedom of the media; the situation of local administrations governed by State-appointed trustees in south-east Turkey; the limited space for democratic debate and for the free expression of a plurality of views during the June 2018 early presidential and parliamentary elections organised under the state of emergency;

24 January 2019

Tabled by Mr Kamil AYDIN, Mr Akif Çağatay KILIÇ, Mr Ziya ALTUNYALDIZ, Mr Yıldırım Tuğrul TÜRKEŞ, Ms Emine Nur GÜNAY

Votes: 18 in favor 38 against 19 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 5.7, replace the words: "the continuing concerns regarding freedom of the media; the pretrial detention of members of parliament following the lifting of their immunity in 2016; the repeated violations of freedom of expression and freedom of the media" with the following words: "the continuing concerns regarding freedom of expression and the media; the pretrial detention of members of parliament following the lifting of their immunity in 2016".

Explanatory note

For the sake of brevity and avoiding repetition, it is better to merge the mentioned two sentences.

5.8Ukraine: the unacceptable attacks on journalists and media outlets; the extension of the new financial disclosure regime to anti-corruption activists and its implementation on 1April 2018; the absence of progress in the insufficient balance between the official language and the languages of national minorities in the new law on education in Ukraine; the widespread corruption that undermines public trust in the political and judicial system as a whole;
5.9Bulgaria: the brutal murder of an investigative journalist, Ms Viktoria Marinova;
5.10Montenegro: the misuse of State resources and the credible allegations of pressure on voters in favour of the ruling party candidate, and of vote buying and hiring of public employees during the election period, all these being recurrent according to the ad hoc committee of the Assembly on the observation of the presidential election in Montenegro.
6Consequently, the Assembly urges all the countries that are under a monitoring procedure or engaged in a post-monitoring dialogue to step up their efforts to fully honour all membership obligations and accession commitments to the Council of Europe. In particular it calls on:
6.1the Albanian authorities and all political forces in the country to overcome the political polarisation, to complete the reform of the judiciary and to demonstrate tangible results in the fight against corruption and organised crime;

24 January 2019

Tabled by Mr Tritan SHEHU, Mr Emanuelis ZINGERIS, Mr Kęstutis MASIULIS, Mr Andrzej HALICKI, Mr Giorgi KANDELAKI

Votes: 41 in favor 15 against 16 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 6.1, after the words "to complete the reform of the judiciary", add the following words: "avoiding in the meantime its political capture through the massive appointment of new institutions and magistrates, to demonstrate political will and to enforce effectively legislation to guarantee international standards for democratic elections".

In amendment 2, delete the following words: "avoiding in the meantime its political capture through the massive appointment of new institutions and magistrates, to demonstrate political will and to enforce effectively legislation".

6.2the Armenian authorities, once the general elections have taken place, to resume reforms in key areas, such as the fight against domestic violence or the adoption of a legislation to effectively combat vote buying and the abuse of administrative resources during elections; to ensure that all criminal investigations, including those pertaining to the tragic events of March 2008, and allegations of corruption, take place strictly in line with the principles of the rule of law, judicial independence and a fair trial as laid out in the European Convention on Human Rights (ETS No. 5);
6.3the Bosnian authorities to shoulder their responsibilities and to adopt the necessary changes both in the Constitution and in the electoral law, in accordance with the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights in the Sejdić and Finci and Pilav cases;
6.4the Georgian authorities to fully implement the new Rules of Procedure of the parliament and to continue to strengthen the independence and effectiveness of the judiciary, including the prosecution service;

In the draft resolution, paragraph 6.4, delete the words "and to continue".

24 January 2019

Tabled by Mr Giorgi KANDELAKI, Mr Emanuelis ZINGERIS, Mr Zsolt NÉMETH, Mr Włodzimierz BERNACKI, Ms Dzhema GROZDANOVA

Votes: 68 in favor 1 against 6 abstentions

In the draft resolution, at the end of paragraph 6.4, add the following words: "and take measures to increase parliamentary scrutiny of high level judicial appointments, including candidate interviews, as well as to put in place clear selection criteria".

In amendment 23, delete the words "including candidate interviews".

6.5the Moldovan authorities to create conditions conducive to free and fair general elections in 2019, following the adoption of a mixed electoral system and taking into account the March 2018 recommendations of the Venice Commission, and to amend the Constitution to ensure independence and accountability of judges;
6.6the authorities of the Russian Federation to fully investigate unlawful detentions, torture and killings of men in the Chechen Republic based on their sexual orientation and gender identity, to hold any perpetrators of such heinous acts accountable and to take effective measures to protect the life, liberty and security of gay and bisexual people throughout the Russian Federation; to halt the abuse of legislation against extremism to curtail freedom of assembly in the Russian Federation; to return the Ukrainian vessels seized in the Kerch Strait, to immediately release the Ukrainian sailors captured and to fully respect Ukraine’s legal right to freely navigate in the Kerch Strait and Sea of Azov unhindered;

In the draft resolution, paragraph 6.6, after the words: "to halt the abuse of legislation against extremism to curtail freedom of assembly in the Russian Federation;" insert the following words: "to implement all the Assembly's resolutions related to the military aggression against Ukraine;".

In the draft resolution, at the end of paragraph 6.6, add the following words: "to immediately stop the installation of barbed wire fences and artificial obstacles along the occupation lines in Abkhazia and Tskhinvali regions and to abide by the norms and principles of international law. In this respect, the Assembly reiterates its strong support for Georgia's sovereignty and territorial integrity within its internationally recognised borders;"

Explanatory note

The consistent and firm stance of the international community is essential to force the Russian Federation to fulfill its international obligations, to respect sovereignty and territorial integrity of its neighbouring countries and to facilitate peaceful conflict resolution.

6.7the Turkish authorities to restore freedom of media and freedom of expression, release detained MPs – including the former HDP leader Mr Selahattin Demirtaş, in line with the November 2018 judgment of the European Court of Human Rights –, journalists, human rights defenders and academics; to upgrade the electoral legislation so as to ensure fair election campaigns; and to ensure that appeal procedures established for civil servants dismissed by emergency decree laws under the state of emergency are an effective domestic remedy;

24 January 2019

Tabled by Mr Kamil AYDIN, Mr Akif Çağatay KILIÇ, Mr Ziya ALTUNYALDIZ, Mr Yıldırım Tuğrul TÜRKEŞ, Ms Emine Nur GÜNAY

Votes: 67 in favor 3 against 6 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 6.7, insert the word "Chamber" before the words "judgment of the European Court of Human Rights".

Explanatory note

For the sake of consistency with the wording of paragraph 79 of the rapporteur's memorandum, the word should be inserted.

24 January 2019

Tabled by Mr Kamil AYDIN, Mr Akif Çağatay KILIÇ, Mr Ziya ALTUNYALDIZ, Mr Yıldırım Tuğrul TÜRKEŞ, Ms Emine Nur GÜNAY

Votes: 30 in favor 35 against 12 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 6.7, delete the following words: "and to ensure that appeal procedures established for civil servants dismissed by emergency decree laws under the state of emergency are an effective domestic remedy;"

Explanatory note

There is no evidence that can support this claim. In addition, the European Court of Human Rights has recognised The Inquiry Commission on State of Emergency Measures as a domestic remedy. Thus it is redundant to include this part.

6.8the Ukrainian authorities to abolish the extension of the new financial disclosure regime to anti-corruption activists, in line with the Venice Commission recommendation; to fully implement the recommendation of the Venice Commission in its opinion on the amended Law on Education and the Law on Government Cleansing (Lustration Law); to implement the law on the establishment of a High Anti-Corruption Court without delay and to increase the pace of the reforms to fight the widespread corruption in the country and to ensure that these reforms now lead to tangible and concrete results;

24 January 2019

Tabled by Mr Volodymyr ARIEV, Mr Emanuelis ZINGERIS, Mr Boryslav BEREZA, Mr Oleksii GONCHARENKO, Mr Andrii LOPUSHANSKYI, Mr Giorgi KANDELAKI

Votes: 63 in favor 1 against 5 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 6.8, after the words: "to implement the law on the establishment of a High Anti-Corruption Court without delay" insert the following words: "in accordance with the clearly defined timeline provided therein".

In amendment 6, replace the words: "after the words: "to implement the law on the establishment of a High Anti-Corruption Court without delay" insert the following words:" with the following words: "replace the words "without delay" with the following words:"

6.9the Montenegrin authorities to engage in the reform process of the electoral framework in line with the recommendations of the Venice Commission and the Assembly.
7With regard to the preparation of the report on the functioning of democratic institutions in Poland, the Assembly takes note of the planned visit of the co-rapporteurs to Warsaw in spring 2019. In this context, the Assembly calls on the Polish authorities to ensure that the ongoing reforms, and in particular those of the justice system, are fully in line with European standards. To this end, the Assembly urges the Polish authorities to implement the recommendations of the Venice Commission expressed in its opinions on these reforms.
8The Assembly reaffirms the importance of the parliamentary monitoring procedure, and the work of the Monitoring Committee in the democratisation and institution-building processes in all Council of Europe member States. In that respect, it especially welcomes the periodic reviews on the honouring of the membership obligations to the Council of Europe by countries that are not subject to a full monitoring procedure or engaged in a post-monitoring dialogue with the Assembly.
9The Assembly takes note of the periodic review reports on the honouring of their membership obligations to the Council of Europe in respect of Iceland and Italy, which are presented as part of the report on the progress of the Assembly’s monitoring procedure (January-December 2018). It endorses the findings and conclusions in these periodic review reports and encourages the respective authorities to implement its recommendations. In particular, the Assembly
9.1with respect to Iceland:
9.1.1notes that, as a result of the size and relatively homogeneous make-up of its society, Iceland has in a number of cases favoured regulating issues via informal rules and arrangements in society rather than by clear rules and norms codified in law, which has led to vulnerabilities in the functioning of democratic institutions, especially with regard to checks and balances; it calls on the authorities to reform its democratic institutions with a view to addressing these vulnerabilities, either through rekindling the constitutional reform process or through common law;
9.1.2commends the country on the continuing low levels of perception of corruption by its population. In that context, welcomes the increased attention paid in Icelandic society to vulnerabilities of the country’s democratic institutions and financial interests to corruption and conflicts of interest. The Assembly therefore calls on the authorities to develop as a priority a coherent and comprehensive strategy with regard to corruption and integrity issues in State institutions that will fully address the recommendations of the Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) contained in the evaluation reports for Iceland in the framework of its Fourth and Fifth Evaluation rounds, and in particular:
9.1.2.1develop a strategy to improve integrity and management of conflicts of interest of persons holding top executive functions in the government, as well as clear and harmonised codes of conduct for them;
9.1.2.2review the rules regarding secondary activities as well as employment after leaving government functions;
9.1.2.3ensure the proper funding of law-enforcement agencies and develop a clear, transparent, merit-based appointment and promotion process free from political interference;
9.1.3while recognising the country’s track record with regard to the protection of human rights, recommends that a National Human Rights Institution be established. It urges the authorities to adopt, without delay, a comprehensive anti-discrimination legislative framework, which is currently lacking;
9.1.4commends the country on its track record with regard to gender equality, which can be considered as a role model. At the same time, it notes that domestic and sexual violence against women remains an area of concern that deserves the continuing attention of the authorities;
9.2with respect to Italy:
9.2.1expects Italy to remain committed to human rights promotion and protection, foster inclusive social policies and reduce regional disparities in line with the recommendations of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe; welcomes the steps taken by the parliament to establish a National Commission for the Promotion and Protection of Fundamental Human Rights which should act as Italy’s independent National Human Rights Institution in line with the Paris Principles;
9.2.2while recognising the transposition, in 1999, of the Charter’s principles in the legal system, continues to encourage Italy to ratify the European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages (ETS No. 148);
9.2.3encourages Italy to ratify Protocol No. 12 to the European Convention on Human Rights (ETS No. 177), the European Convention on Nationality (ETS No. 166), as well as the Additional Protocol to the European Charter of Local Self-Government on the right to participate in the affairs of a local authority (CETS No. 207);
9.2.4invites the parliament to ratify, at its earliest convenience, Protocols Nos. 15 and 16 to the European Convention on Human Rights (CETS Nos. 213 and 214) following the recent introduction of a parliamentary bill to that effect;
9.2.5concerning the management of the migration inflow affecting Italy, which requires a co-ordinated response of the international community, welcomes the end of the so-called “push-back” policy (resulting in forced return of irregular migrants and failed asylum seekers); at the same time, expresses its concerns about recent initiatives aimed at preventing rescue vessels from landing on Italian shores, thus putting the life of migrants and refugees at risk; urges the Italian authorities to strengthen their action to combat trafficking in human beings for the purpose of labour exploitation, in line with the recommendations made by the Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA), and ensure that future legislation on migrants and refugees complies with Italy’s European and international obligations;

In the draft resolution, paragraph 9.2.5, replace the words: "Italy, which requires a coordinated response of the international community, welcomes the end of the so-called "pushback" policy (resulting in forced return of irregular migrants and failed asylum seekers); at the same time, expresses its concerns about recent initiatives aimed at preventing rescue vessels from landing on Italian shores, thus putting the life of migrants and refugees at risk;" with the following words: "Europe, which requires a better co-ordinated response from the international community, notably from the EU and its member States, expresses its appreciation for the long-standing efforts of Italy that - despite being affected more than others by migration flows - has shown a greater capacity to combat the traffickers of human beings and to receive migrants; takes note of the decrease in migration flows and, consequently, of deaths at sea, as also highlighted in IOM and UNHCR reports; at the same time, underlines that legitimate policies aimed at reducing flows should avoid putting the life of migrants and refugees at risk; while acknowledging the progress made over the last few years,"

9.2.6remains concerned by the increase in racist attitudes, xenophobia and anti-Gypsyism in public discourse, notably in the media and on the internet, and rising hate speech by politicians – as highlighted by the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) and the Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities – and calls on the authorities to effectively combat all manifestations of racism, intolerance and xenophobia, particularly by preventing, investigating and prosecuting all racially motivated offences;

In the draft resolution, replace paragraph 9.2.6 with the following paragraph:

"urges the authorities to more effectively combat all manifestations of racism, intolerance, anti-Semitism, anti-Gypsyism, xenophobia and hate speech, also in public discourse and the social media, particularly by preventing, investigating and systematically prosecuting the perpetrators of racially motivated offences in line with the recommendations of the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) and the Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities;"

9.2.7in the field of freedom of expression and of the media, while welcoming the reform of the public broadcaster aimed at improving its independence, efficiency and sustainability, urges the Italian authorities to:
9.2.7.1strengthen media freedom and address the issue of media ownership concentration;

In the draft resolution, paragraph 9.2.7.1, after the words "media ownership concentration", insert the following words: "while taking account of the latest report of the National Communications Authority, which has acknowledged the presence of multiple actors in the integrated communications system in Italy"

9.2.7.2decriminalise defamation and amend the criminal law in order to ensure the principle of proportionality of sanctions, in line with the recommendations of the Venice Commission;

In the draft resolution, paragraph 9.2.7.2, replace the words: "decriminalise defamation and amend the criminal law" with the following words: "amend the criminal law to eliminate prison sentences for defamation"

9.2.8welcomes the criminal justice reforms, including the extension of the statute of limitations, and calls on the Italian authorities to further address the issues of, inter alia, excessive use of pretrial detention, delayed justice and backlogs of court cases;

In the draft resolution, paragraph 9.2.8, replace the words: "including the extension of the statute of limitations, and calls on the Italian authorities to further address the issues of, inter alia," with the following words: "and calls on the Italian authorities to further address the issues of, inter alia, besides the extension of the statute of limitations already put in place,".

In the draft resolution, paragraph 9.2.8, after the words: "backlogs of court cases" insert the following words: "despite the progress acknowledged by the Council of Europe itself in 2018".

9.2.9notes that corruption remains a widespread and deeply rooted phenomenon and that there is a persistent intertwinement of corruption, money laundering and mafia-type organised crime, especially in southern Italy; welcomes the creation of a National Anti-Corruption Authority, the adoption of the 2017 Whistleblowing Law and the adoption by the Chamber of Deputies of a Code of Conduct and Rules on Lobbying;

In the draft resolution, paragraph 9.2.9, replace the words: "notes that our corruption remains a widespread and deeply rooted phenomenon and that there is a persistent intertwinement of corruption, money laundering and mafia-type organised crime, especially in southern Italy" with the following words: "urges Italy to continue with ever greater determination its action to prevent, combat and eradicate still-widespread phenomena related to corruption, mafia and organised crime, which remain a major challenge for the country, while recognising that Italian anti-mafia legislation has become a yardstick at the global level".

In the draft resolution, paragraph 9.2.9, after the words: "Rules on Lobbying;" insert the following words: "and takes note of the progress achieved in combating corruption, placing Italy at the forefront of implementation of the relevant OECD Convention;".

9.2.10stresses the significant progress achieved in the framework governing political party funding; encourages, however, the Italian authorities to ensure transparency and the implementation of an efficient mechanism of control of accountability of the new system of party and election campaign funding based on private donations; urges Italy to implement all GRECO recommendations, and to consider lifting the reservation made in 2013 to the Criminal Law Convention on Corruption (ETS No. 173) and consider ratifying its Additional Protocol (ETS No. 191).

24 January 2019

Tabled by Mr Andrea ORLANDO, Mr Carlo FIDANZA, Mr Roberto RAMPI, Mr Marco GATTI, Mr André GATTOLIN, Ms Maria RIZZOTTI

Votes: 21 in favor 41 against 10 abstentions

In the draft resolution, paragraph 9.2.10, replace the words: "stresses the significant progress achieved in the framework governing political party funding; encourages, however" with the following word: "encourages".

10The Assembly welcomes the Monitoring Committee’s continuous efforts to reflect on ways in which the periodic review process can be strengthened and reinforced.
11In this respect, the Assembly refers to the progress report of its Bureau in which it invited the Monitoring Committee to reflect on the proposals aimed at reforming the overall monitoring system of the Assembly or the current working methods and internal procedures of the Monitoring Committee on the basis of Resolution 1115 (1997) (modified) and commends the Monitoring Committee for the work accomplished in this respect.
12The monitoring procedure of the Assembly is one of its core activities and a vital mechanism for reinforcing democratic processes in Council of Europe member States. The Assembly reaffirms its wish to maintain and reinforce its monitoring procedure based on the country-by-country approach.
13The Assembly welcomes in particular the Monitoring Committee’s intention to elaborate, where relevant, for each country under the full monitoring procedure or engaged in a post-monitoring dialogue, in consultation with respective authorities of the country, a clear list outlining the concrete issues and actions to be undertaken with a clearly defined timeline in order to move forward in the monitoring procedure.
14Furthermore, it welcomes the committee’s decision to change the format of periodic reviews with a view to submitting them for debate independently from the committee’s progress report, accompanied by specific resolutions for each country, and replacing the current method of selection based on alphabetical order by a selection on substantive grounds, while maintaining the objective of producing, over time, periodic reviews on all member States.
15Finally, the Assembly commends the committee’s decision to introduce a more flexible frequency of visits by co-rapporteurs and reporting on each country under the full monitoring procedure or engaged in the post-monitoring dialogue in order to ensure that they address developments in the country of relevance to the honouring of commitments and obligations.
16In the light of the above, the Assembly decides to amend Resolution 1115 (1997) (as modified by Resolution 1431 (2005),Resolution 1515 (2006), Resolution 1689 (2009), Resolution 1710 (2010)), Resolution 1936 (2013) and Resolution 2018 (2014)) as follows:
16.1in paragraph 14, delete the words “and at least once every three years on each country being monitored or involved in post-monitoring dialogue”.
17Furthermore, the Assembly decides to amend the terms of reference of the Assembly’s Committee on the Honouring of Obligations and Commitments by Member States of the Council of Europe (Monitoring Committee), appended to Resolution 1115 (1997) (modified), as follows:
17.1in paragraph 13, second sentence, delete the words “within the statutory period of three years”.
18The Assembly decides that the amendments to Resolution 1115 (1997) (modified) shall enter into force upon their adoption.
19The Assembly invites the Monitoring Committee to pursue its own reflection on ways to reinforce co-operation with other committees.